Radiation-inducible protein RbAp48 contributes to radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells

Department of Medical Microbiology, Shandong University School of Medical, Jinan, China.
Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 06/2013; 130(3). DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.06.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Retinoblastoma-associated protein 48 (RbAp48) has been recently discovered as a radiosensitive gene. We aimed to investigate the role of RbAp48 in radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: We used real-time RT-PCR and western blot assay to examine the expression of RbAp48 in irradiated cervical cancer cell lines, including SiHa, Caski, and HeLa cells. The role of RbAp48 in radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells was assessed by cell proliferation, counting, survival, and apoptosis as well as cell cycle and tumor growth assays with RbAp48 overexpression or gene silencing. RESULTS: The expression of RbAp48 was increased in irradiated cervical cancer cell lines. Overexpression of RbAp48 induced G2/M arrest and apoptosis in irradiated cells, which was related to upregulation of p53, Rb and caspase-8 expression. Adenovirus-RbAp48 infection and irradiation synergistically inhibited tumor growth in nude mice. CONCLUSIONS: RbAp48 is a radiation-inducible gene in cervical cancer cells because of enhanced radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. RbAp48 may be a potential target to improve the results of radiation therapy for patients with cervical cancer.

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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the radiosensitization effect of nedaplatin on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines with different Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status. Human NPC cell lines CNE-2 (EBV-negative) and C666 (EBV-positive) were treated with 0-100 μ g/mL nedaplatin, and inhibitory effects on cell viability and IC50 were calculated by MTS assay. We assessed changes in radiosensitivity of cells by MTS and colony formation assays, and detected the apoptosis index and changes in cell cycle by flow cytometry. MTS assay showed that nedaplatin caused significant cytotoxicity in CNE-2 and C666 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. After 24 h, nedaplatin inhibited growth of CNE-2 and C666 cells with IC50 values of 34.32 and 63.69 μ g/mL, respectively. Compared with radiation alone, nedaplatin enhanced the radiation effect on both cell lines. Nedaplatin markedly increased apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase. Nedaplatin radiosensitized human NPC cells CNE-2 and C666, with a significantly greater effect on the former. The mechanisms of radiosensitization include induction of apoptosis and enhancement of cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase.
    BioMed Research International 05/2014; 2014:713674. DOI:10.1155/2014/713674 · 2.71 Impact Factor


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