Normal Hepatic Cell Surface Localization of the High Density Lipoprotein Receptor, Scavenger Receptor Class B, Type I, Depends on All Four PDZ Domains of PDZK1

Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 02/2009; 284(9):5797-806. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M808211200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT PDZK1 is a four PDZ domain-containing scaffold protein that binds to scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), the high density lipoprotein receptor, by its first PDZ domain (PDZ1). PDZK1 knock-out mice exhibit a >95% decrease in hepatic SR-BI protein and consequently an approximately 70% increase in plasma cholesterol in abnormally large high density lipoprotein particles. These defects are corrected by hepatic overexpression of full-length PDZK1 but not the PDZ1 domain alone, which partially restores SR-BI protein abundance but not cell surface expression or function. We have generated PDZK1 knock-out mice with hepatic expression of four PDZK1 transgenes encoding proteins with nested C-terminal truncations: pTEM, which lacks the three C-terminal residues (putative PDZ-binding motif), and PDZ1.2, PDZ1.2.3, or PDZ1.2.3.4, which contain only the first two, three, or four N-terminal PDZ domains, respectively, but not the remaining C-terminal sequences. Hepatic overexpression of pTEM restored normal hepatic SR-BI abundance, localization, and function. Hepatic overexpression of PDZ1.2 or PDZ1.2.3 partially restored SR-BI abundance ( approximately 12 or approximately 30% of wild type, respectively) but did not (PDZ1.2) or only slightly (PDZ1.2.3) restored hepatic SR-BI cell surface localization and function. Hepatic overexpression of PDZ1.2.3.4 completely restored SR-BI protein abundance, cell surface expression, and function (normalization of plasma cholesterol levels). Thus, all four PDZ domains in PDZK1, but not PDZ1-3 alone, are sufficient for its normal control of the abundance, localization, and therefore function of hepatic SR-BI, whereas the residues C-terminal to the PDZ4 domain, including the C-terminal putative PDZ-binding domain, are not required.

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