PDZK1 is a four PDZ domain-containing scaffold protein that binds to scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), the high density lipoprotein receptor, by its first PDZ domain (PDZ1). PDZK1 knock-out mice exhibit a >95% decrease in hepatic SR-BI protein and consequently an approximately 70% increase in plasma cholesterol in abnormally large high density lipoprotein particles. These defects are corrected by hepatic overexpression of full-length PDZK1 but not the PDZ1 domain alone, which partially restores SR-BI protein abundance but not cell surface expression or function. We have generated PDZK1 knock-out mice with hepatic expression of four PDZK1 transgenes encoding proteins with nested C-terminal truncations: pTEM, which lacks the three C-terminal residues (putative PDZ-binding motif), and PDZ1.2, PDZ1.2.3, or PDZ188.8.131.52, which contain only the first two, three, or four N-terminal PDZ domains, respectively, but not the remaining C-terminal sequences. Hepatic overexpression of pTEM restored normal hepatic SR-BI abundance, localization, and function. Hepatic overexpression of PDZ1.2 or PDZ1.2.3 partially restored SR-BI abundance ( approximately 12 or approximately 30% of wild type, respectively) but did not (PDZ1.2) or only slightly (PDZ1.2.3) restored hepatic SR-BI cell surface localization and function. Hepatic overexpression of PDZ184.108.40.206 completely restored SR-BI protein abundance, cell surface expression, and function (normalization of plasma cholesterol levels). Thus, all four PDZ domains in PDZK1, but not PDZ1-3 alone, are sufficient for its normal control of the abundance, localization, and therefore function of hepatic SR-BI, whereas the residues C-terminal to the PDZ4 domain, including the C-terminal putative PDZ-binding domain, are not required.