Correlation of three immunohistochemically detected markers of neuroendocrine differentiation with clinical predictors of disease progression in prostate cancer
ABSTRACT The importance of immuno-histological detection of neuroendocrine differentiation in prostatic adenocarcinoma with respect to disease at presentation and Gleason grade is gaining acceptance. There is limited literature on the relative significance of three commonly used markers of NE differentiation i.e. Chromogranin A (CgA), Neuron specific enolase (NSE) and Synaptophysin (Syn). In the current work we have assessed the correlation of immuno-histological detection of neuroendocrine differentiation in prostatic adenocarcinoma with respect to disease at presentation and Gleason grade and to determine the relative value of various markers.
Consecutive samples of malignant prostatic specimens (Transurethral resection of prostate or radical retropubic prostatectomy) from 84 patients between January 1991 and December 1998 were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining (PAP technique) using selected neuroendocrine tumor markers i.e. Chromogranin A (CgA), Neuron specific enolase (NSE), and Synaptophysin (Syn). According to the stage at diagnosis, patients were divided into three groups. Group (i) included patients who had organ confined disease, group (ii) included patients with locally invasive disease, and group (iii) with distant metastasis. NE expression was correlated with Gleason sum and clinical stage at presentation and analyzed using Chi-Square test and one way ANNOVA.
The mean age of the patients was 70 +/- 9.2 years. Group I had 14 patients, group II had 31 patients and group III had 39 patients. CgA was detected in 33 cases, Syn in 8 cases, and NSE in 44 cases. Expression of CgA was seen in 7% of group I, 37% in group II and 35% of group III patients (p 0.059). CgA (p 0.024) and NSE (p 0.006) had a significantly higher expression with worsening Gleason grade.
CgA has a better correlation with disease at presentation than other markers used. Both NSE and CgA had increasing expression with worsening histological grade this correlation has a potential for use as a prognostic indicator. Limitations in the current work included small number and retrospective nature of work. The findings of this work needs validation in a larger cohort.
SourceAvailable from: Maïté Courel[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aim In prostate cancer (PCa), neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) is commonly observed in relapsing, hormone therapy-resistant tumours after androgen deprivation. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the NED of PCa cells remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the expression of the neuroendocrine secretory protein secretogranin II (SgII) in PCa, and its potential involvement in the progression of this cancer as a granulogenic factor promoting NED. Methods We have examined SgII immunoreactivity in 25 benign prostate hyperplasia and 32 PCa biopsies. In vitro experiments were performed to investigate the involvement of SgII in the neuroendocrine differentiation and the proliferation of PCa cell lines. Results We showed that immunoreactive SgII intensity correlates with tumour grade in PCa patients. Using the androgen-dependent lymph node cancer prostate cells (LNCaP) cells, we found that NED triggered by androgen deprivation is associated with the induction of SgII expression. In addition, forced expression of SgII in LNCaP cells implemented a regulated secretory pathway by triggering the formation of secretory granule-like structures competent for hormone storage and regulated release. Finally, we found that SgII promotes prostate cancer (CaP) cell proliferation. Conclusion The present data show that SgII is highly expressed in advanced PCa and may contribute to the neuroendocrine differentiation by promoting the formation of secretory granules and the proliferation of PCa cells.European Journal of Cancer 10/2014; 50(17). DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2014.09.009 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) marks a structural and functional feature of certain cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa), whereby the malignant tissue contains a significant proportion of cells displaying neuronal, endocrine, or mixed features. NED cells produce, and can secrete, a cocktail of mediators commonly encountered in the nervous system, which may stimulate and coordinate cancer growth. In PCa, NED appears during advanced stages, subsequent to treatment, and accompanies treatment resistance and poor prognosis. However, the term " neuroendocrine " in this context is intrinsically vague. This article seeks to provide a framework on which a unified view of NED might emerge. First, we review the mutually beneficial interplay between PCa and neural structures, mainly supported by cell biology experiments and neurological conditions. Next, we address the correlations between PCa and neural functions, as described in the literature. Based upon the integration of clinical and basic observations, we suggest that it is legitimate to seek for true neural differentiation, or neuromimicry, in cancer progression, most notably in PCa cells exhibiting what is commonly described as NED.Frontiers in Oncology 03/2015; 5(37). DOI:10.3389/fonc.2015.00037
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ABSTRACT: We measured the expression of some commonly used tumor markers with RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to identify any that might be useful for the evaluation of squamous cell lung cancer and identify possible correlations between these tumor markers and any clinical characteristics.