Accurate simulation of optical properties in dyes.
ABSTRACT Since Antiquity, humans have produced and commercialized dyes. To this day, extraction of natural dyes often requires lengthy and costly procedures. In the 19th century, global markets and new industrial products drove a significant effort to synthesize artificial dyes, characterized by low production costs, huge quantities, and new optical properties (colors). Dyes that encompass classes of molecules absorbing in the UV-visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum now have a wider range of applications, including coloring (textiles, food, paintings), energy production (photovoltaic cells, OLEDs), or pharmaceuticals (diagnostics, drugs). Parallel to the growth in dye applications, researchers have increased their efforts to design and synthesize new dyes to customize absorption and emission properties. In particular, dyes containing one or more metallic centers allow for the construction of fairly sophisticated systems capable of selectively reacting to light of a given wavelength and behaving as molecular devices (photochemical molecular devices, PMDs).Theoretical tools able to predict and interpret the excited-state properties of organic and inorganic dyes allow for an efficient screening of photochemical centers. In this Account, we report recent developments defining a quantitative ab initio protocol (based on time-dependent density functional theory) for modeling dye spectral properties. In particular, we discuss the importance of several parameters, such as the methods used for electronic structure calculations, solvent effects, and statistical treatments. In addition, we illustrate the performance of such simulation tools through case studies. We also comment on current weak points of these methods and ways to improve them.
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ABSTRACT: The time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) method has been carried out to study the influences of hydrogen bonding and solvent polarity on the spectral properties of 4-aminophthalimide (4AP) clusters formed with hydrogen-accepting solvents triethylamine (TEA) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The ground- and S1-state geometry structure optimizations, hydrogen bond energies, absorption and emission spectra for both the 4AP monomer and its two triply hydrogen-bonded clusters 4AP + (TEA)3 and 4AP + (DMSO)3 have been calculated using DFT and TDDFT methods respectively with the hybrid exchange correlation functional PBE1PBE and split-valence basis set 6-311++G(d,p). It has been demonstrated that the two hydrogen bonds I and II formed with the amine group of 4AP are significantly strengthened while the hydrogen bond III formed with the imide group is slightly weakened due to the intramolecular charge transfer from the amine group to the two carbonyl groups of the 4AP molecule upon photoexcitation. In addition, the hydrogen bonds formed by 4AP with DMSO are stronger than those formed with TEA, which together with its strong polarity, should be the main reasons for the more redshifts of both the absorption and the fluorescence spectra of 4AP in solvent DMSO than those in TEA.Journal of Cluster Science 24(2). · 1.11 Impact Factor
- Computational and Theoretical Chemistry 07/2014; · 1.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: With density functional theory(DFT) method, the optimization of molecular configurations and the calculation of frontier molecular orbitals were achieved for triphenylamine(TPA)-based dye-sensitized solar cell materials at the B3LYP/6-31G(d, p) level. Time-dependent density functional theory(TD-DFT) was applied to calculating the probability of the transition from the ground state to the excited state. And UV-Vis absorption spectra were derived with Franck-Condon approximation. The conjugation length, substitution groups and spatial effects show a slight influence on the dihedral angle of the TPA group. The increase of conjugation length may cause a smaller energy gap as well as a higher highest occupied molecular orbital(HOMO) and a lower lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO). The introduction of methoxyl group and TPA group could lower the energy gap while the HOMO and LUMO were elevated in energy.Chemical Research in Chinese Universities 29(3). · 0.74 Impact Factor