Forensic aspects of insulin.
ABSTRACT Insulin or, more appropriately, hypoglycaemia gives rise to a wide variety of interactions with the law. In most cases its role is not seriously open to question occasionally however, it is. This is especially true of situations in which insulin is suspected of having been used inappropriately or maliciously. The major differences between investigation of hypoglycaemia in clinical and forensic situation are that in the latter the history is often unreliable, appropriate samples for analysis were not collected, preserved or labelled correctly and analytical results are likely to be challenged on grounds of specificity, accuracy and interpretation. Immunoassay remains the mainstay of clinical investigation of hypoglycaemia but likely to become displaced by mass-spectrometry in the forensic situation especially now that human insulin is being replaced by synthetic insulin analogues for the treatment of diabetes.
- Veterinary and human toxicology 02/1979; 21 Suppl:197-9.
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ABSTRACT: In seven patients with factitious hypoglycemia due to the surreptitious injection of insulin, we made the diagnosis by measurements of plasma insulin and C-peptide immunoreactivity (in seven patients), facilitated by the finding of circulating insulin-binding antibodies (in two patients). The simultaneous demonstration of low plasma glucose, high immunoreactive insulin and suppressed C-peptide immunoreactivity represents a triad of results pathognomonic of exogenous insulin administration. Determination of plasma free C-peptide and free insulin permitted patients with high titers of insulin antibodies, including those with a history of insulin-treated diabetes, to be studied and diagnosed in a way similar to that in subjects who had no circulating insulin antibodies.New England Journal of Medicine 12/1977; 297(19):1029-32. · 51.66 Impact Factor
- Archives of Internal Medicine 09/1974; 134(2):336-40. · 11.46 Impact Factor