Safety and Effectiveness of Nitroprusside in Preventing No-Reflow During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Systematic Review
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of nitroprusside injection for preventing the slow-flow/no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Issue 2, 2011), PubMed, EMbase, and Google Scholar for data. Two reviewers independently evaluated the quality of the included studies and extracted the data. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.0 software. Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 319 patients were included. The results of the meta-analyses showed that intracoronary nitroprusside is beneficial in preventing no-reflow/slow-flow, in reducing corrected TIMI frame count, and in improving left ventricular ejection fraction. It also likely reduces adverse reactions in patients after PCI and rehospitalization due to cardiovascular events. However, we must caution that in this review, there is a moderate possibility of bias with regard to patient selection, performance, and publication because of the small number of included studies. A larger sample size and high-quality RCTs are needed for a more reassuring analysis.
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ABSTRACT: Background Adjunctive therapy with intracoronary nitroprusside (NTP) in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) had controversial benefits in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Objectives To evaluate the effect of intracoronary NTP on no reflow phenomenon (NR) and clinical outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing PPCI.Methods We searched the following databases without language or time limitation in January 2014: PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Science, and CNKI. Trials compared the effect of intracoronary NTP with control group (placebo or no NTP treatment) on NR in STEMI patients undergoing PPCI enrolled for analyzing.ResultsA total of 7 trials involving 781 patients were included into this meta-analysis. Intracoronary NTP significantly reduced the incidence of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade (TFG) ≤2 (RR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.30–0.73, P = 0.001); the corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC) (WMD: −5.28, 95% CI: −6.79 to 3.78, P = 0.000) increased the events of myocardial blush grade (MBG) ≥2 (RR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.01–1.24, P = 0.038), and reduced the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (RR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.27–0.70, P = 0.001). Although the events of the complete ST segment resolution (STR) did not reach statistical significance, there was a trend indicating improvement in the intracoronary NTP group (RR: 1.143, 95% CI: 0.97–1.34, P = 0.101).Conclusions Intracoronary NTP can significantly reduce the incidence of angiographic NR during PPCI, as well as the incidence of MACE. It seems to be a promising adjunctive therapy for NR during PPCI.Journal of Interventional Cardiology 07/2014; 27(4). DOI:10.1111/joic.12133 · 1.32 Impact Factor