A case report of a patient with advanced acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas: Long-term survival with regional, systemic and targeted therapy
Tumori 03/2013; 99(2):61e-4e. DOI: 10.1700/1283.14209
Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas is an uncommon malignancy for which there are no prospective, randomized data to guide therapy. We describe the clinical course and management of a patient with advanced pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma who is alive seven years after diagnosis using systemic and regional chemotherapies as well as molecularly targeted agents.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: Acinar cell carcinoma (ACC), including its mixed variants, is a rare pancreatic malignancy. Recent reports have documented its occurrence in Lynch syndrome. Our aim was to evaluate the frequency and clinicopathologic significance of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency in ACCs in general. Methods: Mismatch repair protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a series of 36 ACC cases that were treated at our institution and had sufficient clinical information and pathologic material. Results: Loss of MMR protein was observed in 5 ACCs (5/36, 14%): 2 lost MLH1/PMS2, 2 lost MSH2/MSH6, and 1 lost MSH6 alone. The 1 MSH6-deficient case and 1 of the 2 MSH2/MSH6-deficient cases had a known history of Lynch syndrome, carrying a germline mutation in MSH6 and MSH2, respectively. None of the 5 tumors showed distinctive morphology. Two of the 5 patients died of disease 6 and 21 months after diagnosis. In contrast, in the MMR-normal group, only 1 of 30 patients died of disease (median follow-up, 32.5 months). Conclusions: Mismatch repair protein deficiency is not uncommon in ACCs, occurring in 14% of the cases in this series. The MMR-deficient ACCs did not show distinctive morphologic features and were clinically no less aggressive than MMR-normal ACCs.Pancreas 07/2014; 43(8). DOI:10.1097/MPA.0000000000000190 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare pancreatic tumor, with an estimated frequency of less than 1% of pancreatic malignancies. There are no prospective studies to guide diagnostic or therapeutic algorithms. We report the case of a 36 year-old woman, diagnosed of a pancreatic tumor with liver and peritoneal metastases that was initially managed as a neuroendocrine tumor with temozolomide and capecitabine. After two cycles a severely painful arthritis developed in her left ankle with panniculitis and extensive fat necrosis, and CT scan demonstrated progressive disease. Pathology of the primary was reassessed establishing the diagnosis of PACC. The patient started treatment with FOLFIRINOX regimen, achieving clinical benefit and disease stabilization. We also briefly reviewed the literature on this rare subtype of pancreatic tumor. Copyright © 2015 IAP and EPC. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Pancreatology 04/2015; 15(4). DOI:10.1016/j.pan.2015.04.006 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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