Single-Row Versus Double-Row Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Study (SS-26)

Villa Valeria Clinic, Rome, Italy.
Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.19). 01/2009; 25(1):4-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2008.09.018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with single-row and double-row techniques.
Eighty patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear underwent arthroscopic repair with suture anchors. They were divided into 2 groups of 40 patients according to repair technique: single row (group 1) or double row (group 2). Results were evaluated by use of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Work-DASH self-administered questionnaires, normalized Constant score, and muscle strength measurement. On analyzing the results at a 2-year follow-up, we considered the following independent variables: baseline scores; age; gender; dominance; location, shape, and area of cuff tear; tendon retraction; fatty degeneration; treatment of biceps tendon; and rotator cuff repair technique (anchors or anchors and side to side). Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to determine which variables were independently associated with the outcome. Significance was set at P < .05.
Of the patients, 8 (10%) were lost to follow-up. Comparison between groups did not show significant differences for each variable considered. Overall, according to the results, the mean DASH scores were 15.4 +/- 15.6 points in group 1 and 12.7 +/- 10.1 points in group 2; the mean Work-DASH scores were 16.0 +/- 22.0 points and 9.6 +/- 13.3 points, respectively; and the mean Constant scores were 100.5 +/- 17.8 points and 104.9 +/- 21.8 points, respectively. Muscle strength was 12.7 +/- 5.7 lb in group 1 and 12.9 +/- 7.0 lb in group 2. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that only age, gender, and baseline strength significantly and independently influenced the outcome. Differences between groups 1 and 2 were not significant.
At short-term follow-up, arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with the double-row technique showed no significant difference in clinical outcome compared with single-row repair.
Level I, high-quality randomized controlled trial with no statistically significant differences but narrow confidence intervals.

  • Source
    • "Several clinical and radiographic follow-up studies of large patient cohorts have investigated factors associated with these postoperative complications. These included demographic factors, such as patient age (Milgrom et al., 1995; Boileau et al., 2005; Yamaguchi et al., 2006; Sorensen et al., 2007) and gender (Grasso et al.., 2009; Chung et al., 2011;), as well as radiographic characteristics, such as fatty infiltration of the respective muscle (Goutallier et al., 2003; Gladstone et al., 2007; Shen et al., 2008; Cho et al., 2011). However, as these were epidemiological studies, they do not provide causal or biological explanations for the reason of impaired healing. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The incidence of rotator cuff tears and recurrent defects positively correlate with patient age. However, this observation has never been analysed at the cellular level. The present study aims to better understand this correlation by investigating cellular characteristics of rotator cuff tenocytes of different age groups. Additionally, previous studies reported on stimulating effects of Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) -2 and BMP-7 on tenocytes. Thus, the second aim was to investigate, whether the stimulation potential of tenocytes demonstrates age-related differences. Tenocyte-like cells from supraspinatus tendons of young and aged patients were analysed for the following cell biological characteristics: cell density, cell growth, marker expression, collagen-I protein synthesis, stem cell phenotype, potential for multipotent differentiation and self-renewal. To analyse the stimulation potential, cells were treated with BMP-2 and BMP-7 in 2D-/3D-cultures. Measured parameters included cell activity, marker expression and collagen-I protein synthesis. An effect of age was seen for cell growth and stem cell potential but not on extracellular matrix level. Cells from both groups responded to BMP-7 by increasing cell activity, collagen-I expression and protein synthesis. BMP-2 led to smaller increases in these parameters when compared to BMP-7. In general, 3D-cultivation improved the stimulation compared to 2D-culture. The cell biological characteristics of tenocyte-like cells, considered important for successful restoration of the tendon-bone unit, were inferior in elderly donors. This may help explain higher rates of recurrent defects seen in elderly patients. Regarding the stimulation potential, on a cellular level young and aged patients may benefit from biological augmentation with BMPs.
    European cells & materials 07/2012; 24:74-89. · 4.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "No significant differences between the groups were found at 3 and 6-months and 1 and 2-years follow-up on the ASES score, the Shoulder Rating Questionnaire (SRQ), or the Rotator Cuff-Quality of Life (RC-QOL) measure. A low-quality study (Grasso et al., 2009) studied the effectiveness of arthroscopic full-thickness RCR with single-row versus double-row anchors in 80 patients. At follow-up (24.8 (1.4) mean (sd) months) no significant differences between the groups were found on the Constant Score, strength or the DASH. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this systematic review we assessed effectiveness of non-surgical and (post)surgical interventions for symptomatic rotator cuff tears (RotCuffTear). The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, and Pedro were searched for relevant systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two reviewers independently selected relevant studies, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality. Three Cochrane reviews (7 RCTs) and 14 RCTs were included (3 non-surgery, 10 surgery, 8 post-surgery). For small or medium RotCufftears, moderate evidence was found in favour of surgery versus physiotherapy in mid- and long-term. In surgery, tendon-to-bone fixation with one metal suture anchor loaded with double sutures (TB) was more effective (moderate evidence) than a side-to-side repair with permanent sutures (SS) in the mid- and long-term; limited evidence for effectiveness was found in favour of debridement versus anchor replacement and suture repair of the type II SLAP tear in the long-term. Further, no evidence was found in favour of any non-surgical, surgical or post-surgical intervention. In conclusion, although surgery seems to give better results compared to non-surgery and TB is more effective than SS in rotator cuff repair (RCR), it remains hard to draw firm evidence-based conclusions for effectiveness of non-surgical or (post)surgical interventions to treat RotCuffTears. More research is clearly needed.
    Manual therapy 12/2010; 16(3):217-30. DOI:10.1016/j.math.2010.10.012 · 1.76 Impact Factor
Show more