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Hesperidin inhibited acetaldehyde-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Department of Chinese Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chia-Yi, Taiwan.
Toxicology Letters (Impact Factor: 3.36). 02/2009; 184(3):204-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2008.11.018
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ABSTRACT Previous studies have revealed that acetaldehyde-induced cell invasion and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activation and are directly involved in hepatic tumorigenesis and metastasis. Acetaldehyde is an important substance for tumor regression. We designed this study to aid in the development of powerful anti-cancer drugs with specific tumor regression and anti-metastatic potentials. Optimal drugs should possess both specific MMP-9 enzyme and gene transcriptional activities at the molecular level. Hesperidin, a flavonoid present in fruits and vegetables, possess anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive activities. Hesperidin suppressed acetaldehyde-induced cell invasion and inhibited the secreted and cytosolic MMP-9 forms in HepG2 cells with acetaldehyde. Hesperidin suppressed acetaldehyde-induced MMP-9 expression through the inhibition of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and AP-1, and suppressed acetaldehyde-stimulated NF-kappaB translocation into the nucleus through IkappaB inhibitory signaling pathways. Hesperidin also inhibited acetaldehyde-induced AP-1 activity by the inhibitory phosphorylation of p38 kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathways. Results from our study revealed that hesperidin suppressed both acetaldehyde-activated NF-kappaB and activator protein 1 (AP-1) activity by IkappaB, JNK, and p38 signaling pathways. This resulted in the reduction of MMP-9 expression, secretion, and hepatocarcinoma cellular invasion. Our result confirmed the therapeutic potential of hesperidin an anti-metastatic and its involvement in the acetaldehyde-induced cell invasiveness of hepatocellular carcinoma in alcoholic patients.

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Available from: Chia-Chou Yeh, Mar 09, 2015
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    • "In addition, Hsd (50 μM) inhibited acetaldehyde-induced activation of IκB (the principal pathway of NF-κB activation), p38 and JNK (MAP kinase signaling manages the AP-1 activity) phosphorylation, dosedependently . Overall, Hsd was able to suppress MMP-9 transcription, secretion and activity in HepG2 cells, diminishing cellular invasiveness [88]. To have a better perspective of the cellular targets of Hsd/Hst in cancer, the mechanisms discussed in this part including cancer chemoprevention through increasing the antioxidant defense system, inducing apoptosis in cancerous cells, the inhibition of inflammation via decreasing inflammatory cytokines and enzymes, and the inhibition of angiogenesis and metastasis are summarized in Fig. 2. "
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    ABSTRACT: Hesperidin (Hsd) and its aglycone, hesperetin (Hst), are two flavonoids from citrus species that have various biological properties, particularly those for the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown both anti-cancer and cancer chemopreventive effects for Hsd and Hst. Cancer chemopreventive properties of Hsd and Hst are mainly associated with their antioxidant, radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activities. In addition, Hsd and Hst interfere at different stages of cancer. Unlike conventional anti-cancer drugs, Hsd and Hst inhibit tumor growth by targeting multiple cellular protein targets at the same time, including caspases, Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2) and Bax (Bcl-2 associated X protein) for the induction of apoptosis, and COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2), MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase-2) and MMP-9 for the inhibition of angiogenesis and metastasis. The results of the recent basic and clinical studies revealed the beneficial effects for Hst, Hsd and their derivatives in the treatment of heart failure and cardiac remodeling, myocardial ischemia and infarction, and hypertension. In addition, the valuable effects of Hst and Hsd in the treatment of diabetes and dyslipidemia with their anti-platelet and anti-coagulant effects make them good candidates in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases. In this review, new findings regarding the molecular targets of Hsd and Hst, animal studies and clinical trials are discussed. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Life Sciences 01/2015; 124. DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2014.12.030 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    • "Several studies have reported that hesperidin has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic , and neuroprotective effects (Kara et al., 2014; Yeh et al., 2009). Also, it has a vasoprotective, and cholesterol-lowering properties (Yeh et al., 2009). Hesperidin is a compound with 3 hydroxyl groups that maintain a greater antioxidant potency and ability to activate cellular antioxidant preventing enzymes than other flavanones (Kara et al., 2014). "
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    ABSTRACT: Hesperidin is a naturally common flavonoid. It is an abundant and cheap by-product of citrus cultivation. It is reported to have antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic effects. This work was performed to investigate the possible protective role of hesperidin in ameliorating the effect of experimentally induced intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) on lung tissue, histologically, immunohistochemically and biochemically. Thirty male Wistar adult albino rats were randomized into three groups named: group I (control group); group II (I/R); and group III (I/R with hesperidin). Intestinal I/R was induced by occluding the superior mesenteric artery for 60min, followed by 120min of reperfusion period. Animals were given hesperidin orally 1h before the onset of ischemia. At the end of the reperfusion period the lung tissues were extracted for histopathological examination and immunohistochemical detection of the distribution of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Pulmonary edema was evaluated by lung tissue wet/dry weight ratios. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA, a biomarker of oxidative damage), myeloperoxidase (MPO, an index of the degree of neutrophil accumulation) and glutathione (GSH, a biomarker of protective oxidative injury) were also determined in all dissected tissues. Pretreatment with hesperidin (in group III) alleviated lung morphological changes noticed in I/R group and the levels of MDA and MPO were significantly decreased whereas those of GSH were significantly increased. Immunohistochemical study revealed a significant decrease in the iNOS. Hesperidin also significantly alleviated the formation of pulmonary edema as evidenced by the decreased organ wet/dry weight ratios. Hesperidin exerts a protective effect against lung damage induced by intestinal I/R injury in rats by reducing oxidative stress.
    Tissue and Cell 07/2014; 46(5). DOI:10.1016/j.tice.2014.05.009 · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    • "Hesperidin is one of the most common flavonoids present in Citrus. It has been reported that hesperidin possess anti-cancer effects on malignant cancer cells such as colon cancer cells [25], breast cancer and prostate cancer [15] and inhibits tumor invasiveness of hepatocellular carcinoma [39], [18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Hesperidin, a natural flavonoid abundantly present in Citrus is known for its anti-cancer, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study we examined the effect of hesperidin on HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells treated with various concentration of hesperidin undergo a distinct type of programed cell death. Cytoplasmic vacuolization, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum swelling and uncondensed chromatin were observed in hesperidin treated cells. DNA electrophoresis show lack of DNA fragmentation and western blot analysis demonstrates lack of caspase activation and PARP cleavage. It was observed that hesperidin induced cell death is nonautophagic and also activate mitogen activated protein kinase ERK1/2. Taken together, the data indicate that hesperidin induces paraptosis like cell death in HepG2 cells with the activation of ERK1/2. Thus our finding suggests that hesperidin inducing paraptosis may offer an alternative tool in human liver carcinoma therapy.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e101321. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0101321 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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