Immunotherapy of sarcomas.
ABSTRACT To describe the current advances in immunotherapy and how they can be applied to sarcoma. This review will discuss the recent literature and selected clinical trials. Evidence supporting treatment with immunotherapy alone in sarcoma will be reviewed, as will the potential incorporation of immunotherapy into treatment for sarcoma.
Sarcoma, cancer of the connective tissues, frequently strikes young people, comprising a large percentage of cancer in children and young adults, but may occur at any age. Although molecularly targeted inhibitors are of great interest in treating sarcoma patients, immunotherapy is emerging as a plausible therapeutic modality because of the recent advances in other cancer types that may be translated to sarcoma. The licensing of ipilimumab and sipuleucel-T for cancer, and the remarkable success of immunotherapy for some childhood cancers, suggest a role for immunotherapy in the treatment of tumors like sarcoma.
Sarcoma is a disease for which new treatments are needed. Immunotherapies have different mechanisms of action from most current therapies and could work in concert with them. Recent advances in sarcoma biology and cancer immunotherapy suggest that our knowledge of the immune system has reached the point where it can be used to augment both targeted and multimodality therapy for sarcoma.
Article: Recent advances in osteosarcoma.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Although osteosarcoma (OS) is a rare malignancy, it is ranked among the leading causes of cancer-related death in the pediatric age group. The cancer's low prevalence and its large tumor heterogeneity make it difficult to obtain meaningful progress in patient survival. In this review we present an overview of current clinical trials which largely focus on stimulation of the immune system or rely on the inhibition of kinases such as Src and mTOR. The potential efficacy of tumor-targeted TNFalpha is discussed, as well as the importance of preclinical validation of new targets. To improve the success of future clinical trials, clinicians and basic researchers need to intensify their exchange. Finally, a case is made for individualized treatment of OS patients, based on interdisciplinary cooperation in dedicated Sarcoma Centers.Current Opinion in Pharmacology 03/2014; 16C:15-23. · 4.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prior studies have demonstrated postoperative infection may confer a survival benefit after osteosarcoma resection. Our aim was to determine whether infection after soft tissue sarcoma resection has similar effects on metastasis, recurrence and survival. A retrospective review was conducted; 396 patients treated surgically for a soft tissue sarcoma between 2000 and 2008 were identified. Relevant oncologic data were collected. Fifty-six patients with a postoperative infection were compared with 340 patients without infection. Hazard ratios and overall cumulative risk were evaluated. There was no difference in survival, local recurrence or metastasis between patients with or without a postoperative infection. Patients were evenly matched for age at diagnosis, gender, smoking status, and diabetes status. Tumor characteristics did not differ between groups in tumor size, location, depth, grade, margin status, stage, and histologic subtype. There was no difference in utilization of chemotherapy or radiation therapy between groups. From our competing risk model, only positive margin status significantly impacted the risk of local recurrence. An increase in tumor size corresponded to an increased risk of metastasis and death. Postoperative infection neither conferred a protective effect, nor increased the risk of adverse oncologic outcomes after soft tissue sarcoma resection. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Journal of Surgical Oncology 11/2013; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pediatric sarcomas are relatively rare malignancies individually. As a group they are typically approached with combination chemotherapies in addition to local control. Fortunately, these malignancies have been approached through careful clinical trial collaboration to define risk groups and appropriately deliver local control measures and systemic therapies. Although local disease is typically approached with curative intent, therapy typically lasts over 6 months and has significant associated morbidities. It is more difficult to cure metastatic disease or induce sustained remissions. In this article, we discuss recent advances in the understanding of the disease process and highlight recent and future cooperative group trials in osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas, and desmoid tumor as well as discuss promising therapeutic approaches such as epigenetics and immunotherapy.Current Oncology Reports 08/2014; 16(8):395. · 2.87 Impact Factor