Lipoprotein lipase gene polymorphism rs1059611 functionally influences serum lipid concentrations
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Dozens of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene have been reported to be associated with lipid concentrations. The aim of this study was to validate the association between rs1059611 in the LPL gene and serum lipid concentrations in the Chinese Han population and explore the biological relevance. METHODS: A total of 5664 participants were recruited and genotyped for the SNP. Gene expression levels of LPL in blood cells were evaluated by real-time PCR and western blotting analysis. The functional potential of the SNP was examined by luciferase reporter assay and electrophoretic mobility-shift assay (EMSA). RESULTS: We observed significant associations between rs1059611 and increased HDL-C (P = 5.65 × 10(-5)) and decreased TG concentrations (P = 2.68 × 10(-7)). We also found that participants with the C allele had higher mRNA expression level (P = 0.0334) and protein expression level (P = 0.0641) of LPL. The luciferase activity of the rs1059611 T construct was 0.69-fold of the rs1059611 C construct (P = 0.0009). The EMSA showed that the binding of the transcription factor(s) differed for the alleles of the SNP. CONCLUSION: The results of our study demonstrated that rs1059611 was associated with HDL-C and TG concentrations in Chinese Han population and might have a functional effect on the transcription of LPL by differential binding of transcription factors.
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs have emerged as important epigenetic regulators in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Using an observational meta-analysis design, we previously characterized a gain-of-function microRNA-410 target site polymorphism (rs13702T>C) in the 3'untranslated region of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene. The C allele was associated with lower triglycerides, and this association was modulated by fat intake.OBJECTIVES: We aimed to extend our findings by assessing the interaction between the rs13702 polymorphism and fat intake on triglycerides at baseline and longitudinally by using a dietary intervention design. We also examined as a primary outcome the association of this variant with CVD incidence and its modulation by the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet).DESIGN: We studied 7187 participants in the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) randomized trial that tested a MedDiet intervention compared with a control diet, with a median 4.8-y follow-up. LPL polymorphisms and triglycerides were determined and CVD assessed. Gene-diet interactions for triglycerides were analyzed at baseline (n = 6880) and after a 3-y intervention (n = 4131). Oxidative stress parameters were investigated in a subsample.RESULTS: The rs13702T>C polymorphism was strongly associated with lower triglycerides in C allele carriers and interacted synergistically with dietary monounsaturated (P = 0.038) and unsaturated fat intake (P = 0.037), decreasing triglycerides at baseline. By 3 y, we observed a gene-diet interaction (P = 0.025) in which the C allele was associated with a greater reduction in triglycerides after intervention with MedDiet, high in unsaturated fat. Although the polymorphism was associated with lower stroke risk (HR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.57, 0.97; P = 0.029 per C allele), this association reached statistical significance only in the MedDiet intervention (HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.37, 0.91; P = 0.019 in C compared with TT carriers), not in the control group (HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.55, 1.59; P = 0.805).Conclusion: We report a novel association between a microRNA target site variant and stroke incidence, which is modulated by diet in terms of decreasing triglycerides and possibly stroke risk in rs13702 C allele carriers after a high-unsaturated fat MedDiet intervention. This trial was registered at controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN35739639.American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 07/2014; 100(2). DOI:10.3945/ajcn.113.076992 · 6.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is a lipid disorder disease characterized by chronic blood vessel wall inflammation driven by the subendothelial accumulation of macrophages. Studies have shown that lipoprotein lipase (LPL) participates in lipid metabolism, but it is not yet known whether post-transcriptional regulation of LPL gene expression by microRNAs (miRNAs) occurs in vivo. Here, we tested that miR-467b provides protection against atherosclerosis by regulating the target gene LPL which leads to reductions in LPL expression, lipid accumulation, progression of atherosclerosis and production of inflammatory cytokines in apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) mice. Treatment of apoE(-/-) mice with intra-peritoneal injection of miR-467b agomir led to decreased blood plasma levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). Using Western blots and real time PCR, we determined that LPL expression in aorta and abdominal cavity macrophages were significantly down-regulated in the miR-467b agomir group. Furthermore, systemic treatment with miR-467b antagomir accelerated the progression of atherosclerosis in the aorta of apoE(-/-) mice. The present study showed that miR-467b protects apoE(-/-) mice from atherosclerosis by reducing lipid accumulation and inflammatory cytokine secretion via downregulation of LPL expression. Therefore, targeting miR-467b may offer a promising strategy to treat atherosclerotic vascular disease.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2013; 443(2). DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.11.109 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although a considerable proportion of serum lipids loci identified in European ancestry individuals (EA) replicate in African Americans (AA), interethnic differences in the distribution of serum lipids suggest that some genetic determinants differ by ethnicity. We conducted a comprehensive evaluation of five lipid candidate genes to identify variants with ethnicity-specific effects. We sequenced ABCA1, LCAT, LPL, PON1, and SERPINE1 in 48 AA individuals with extreme serum lipid concentrations (high HDLC/low TG or low HDLC/high TG). Identified variants were genotyped in the full population-based sample of AA (n = 1694) and tested for an association with serum lipids. rs328 (LPL) and correlated variants were associated with higher HDLC and lower TG. Interestingly, a stronger effect was observed on a "European" vs. "African" genetic background at this locus. To investigate this effect, we evaluated the region among West Africans (WA). For TG, the effect size among WA was the same in AA with only African local ancestry (2-3% lower TG), while the larger association among AA with local European ancestry matched previous reports in EA (10%). For HDLC, there was no association with rs328 in AA with only African local ancestry or in WA, while the association among AA with European local ancestry was much greater than what has been observed for EA (15 vs. ∼5 mg/dl), suggesting an interaction with an environmental or genetic factor that differs by ethnicity. Beyond this ancestry effect, the importance of African ancestry-focused, sequence-based work was also highlighted by serum lipid associations of variants that were in higher frequency (or present only) among those of African ancestry. By beginning our study with the sequence variation present in AA individuals, investigating local ancestry effects, and seeking replication in WA, we were able to comprehensively evaluate the role of a set of candidate genes in serum lipids in AA.PLoS Genetics 03/2014; 10(3):e1004190. DOI:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004190 · 8.17 Impact Factor