Article

Motorische Entwicklung vom frühen Kindes-bis zum frühen Erwachsenenalter im Kontext der Persönlichkeitsentwicklung

Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie (Impact Factor: 0.3). 01/2009; 16:2-16. DOI: 10.1026/1612-5010.16.1.2

ABSTRACT Zusammenfassung. Die Entwicklung von motorischen Leistungen und des motorischen Selbstkonzepts wurde in einer Längsschnittstichprobe (N = 146) vom Kindergartenalter bis ins frühe Erwachsenenalter im breiteren Kontext der Persönlich-keitsentwicklung untersucht. Im Kindergartenalter fanden sich positive Beziehungen der getesteten motorischen Leistungen nicht nur zu Intelligenz, sondern unabhängig davon auch zu sozialer Ungehemmtheit und (nur bei Jungen) zu niedriger Aggressivität. Das motorische Selbstkonzept zeigte eine geringere Stabilität als die motorischen Leistungen, vor allem bei Mädchen. Signifikante Einflüsse des motorischen Selbstkonzepts auf die motorischen Leistungen konnten nicht gefunden werden, was den Skill-Development Ansatz unterstützt. Außer den motorischen Leistungen beeinflusste auch das allgemeine Selbstwertgefühl in der Kindheit das motorische Selbstkonzept, insbesondere bei Mädchen. Einflüsse der sozial-emotionalen Persönlichkeit auf die motorischen Testleistungen waren bis zum jungen Erwachsenenalter nachweisbar. Wir können die motorische Entwicklung besser verstehen, wenn wir sie im Kontext der gesamten Persönlichkeitsentwicklung betrachten. Schlüsselwörter: Motorische Leistungen, Selbstkonzept, Persönlichkeit, Intelligenz, Längsschnittstudie Motor development between early childhood and early adulthood in the context of personality development Abstract. The development of tested and self-perceived motor abilities was studied within the wider context of personality develop-ment in a longitudinal sample of 146 respondents examined from early childhood to early adulthood. Results showed that tested preschool motor abilities related significantly not only to intelligence but also, and independent of it, to social uninhibitedness and (only for boys) to low aggressiveness. Self-perceived motor abilities were less stable than tested abilities, particularly in females. Significant influences of perceived motor abilities on tested motor abilities were not found, supporting a skill-development model. Alongside tested motor abilities, general self-esteem influenced perceived motor abilities, particularly in females. Influences of social-emotional personality traits on tested motor abilities could be found right up until early adulthood. It is concluded that the understanding of motor development and its consequences can be enhanced by studying it within the context of personality develop-ment. Betrachtet man die Literatur zur motorischen Leis-tungsfähigkeit von Kindern und Erwachsenen, so fällt auf, dass die motorische Entwicklung oft nur isoliert

0 Bookmarks
 · 
173 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been argued that the Openness (O) dimension from the five factor model (FFM) of personality may in fact be an associate of the ability domain more than the personality domain. This paper explores this hypothesis using a sample of 101 managers. Participants completed the NEO-FFI and a measure of ability assessing the construct as typical performance. This measure was an occupational specific measure of typical intellectual engagement (TIE), termed the “problem solving through challenge” PSC scale. A combination of LISREL CFA and hierarchical multiple linear regression (HMLR) indicated that in fact O was a distinct but related construct to the other four dimensions of the FFM (N, E, A and C), but that O was more strongly correlated with PSC than the other dimensions. These results are taken to indicate that O, while associated with personality, assesses something to do with problem solving as a personality trait. Further the results suggest that E linked O to the other personality scales.
    Personality and Individual Differences. 01/1998;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Personality influences on social relationships and vice versa were longitudinally studied. Personality affected relationships, but not vice versa. After entry to university, 132 students participated for 18 month in a study in which the Big Five factors of personality, the subfactors Sociability and Shyness, and all significant social relationships were repeatedly assessed. A subsample kept diaries of all significant social interactions. After the initial correlation between personality and relationship quality was controlled for, Extraversion and its subfactors, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness predicted aspects of relationships such as number of peer relationships, conflict with peers, and falling in love. In contrast, relationship qualities did not predict personality traits, and changes in relationship qualities were unrelated to changes in personality traits. Consequences for dynamic-interactionistic views of personality and relationships are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 05/1998; 74(6):1531-1544. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a 19-year longitudinal study, the 15% most inhibited and the 15% most aggressive children at ages 4-6 years were followed up until age 23 years and were compared with controls who were below average in preschool inhibition or aggressiveness. As adults, inhibited boys and girls were judged as inhibited by their parents and showed a delay in establishing a first stable partnership and finding a first full-time job. However, only the upper 8% in terms of inhibition tended to show internalizing problems, including self-rated inhibition. Aggressive boys showed an externalizing personality profile in the parental and self-judgments, were educational and occupational underachievers, and showed a higher adult delinquency rate than the controls, even after sex and socioeconomic status were controlled. The results suggest delayed social transitions without internalizing problems for most male and female inhibited children and a significant long-term risk of an externalizing profile for aggressive children.
    Developmental Psychology 08/2008; 44(4):997-1011. · 3.21 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
1,156 Downloads
Available from
May 28, 2014