Article

Anti-Chemokine Autoantibody:Chemokine Immune Complexes Activate Endothelial Cells via IgG Receptors

Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Center, 11,937 U.S. Highway 271, Tyler, Texas 75708-3154, USA.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.11). 08/2009; 41(2):155-69. DOI: 10.1165/rcmb.2008-0183OC
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Our previous studies revealed that the presence in lung fluids of anti-IL-8 autoantibody:IL-8 immune complexes is an important prognostic indicator for the development and outcome of acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes purified from lung edema fluids trigger chemotaxis of neutrophils, induce activation of these cells, and regulate their apoptosis, all via IgG receptor, FcgammaRIIa. Importantly, increased levels of FcgammaRIIa are present in lungs of patients with ARDS, where FcgammaRIIa is partially associated with anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes. In the current study, we demonstrate the ability of anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes to promote an inflammatory phenotype of human umbilical vein endothelial cells via interaction with FcgammaRIIa. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells cultured in the presence of the complexes become activated, as shown by increased phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and Akt, and augmented nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. Anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes also up-regulate expression of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 on the cell surface. Furthermore, we detected increased levels of ICAM-1 on lung endothelial cells from mice in which lung injury was induced by generating immune complexes in alveolar spaces. On the other hand, ICAM-1 expression was unchanged in lungs of gamma chain-deficient mice, lacking receptors that interact with immune complexes. Moreover, in lung tissues from patients with ARDS, anti-IL-8:IL-8 complexes were associated with endothelial cells that expressed higher levels of ICAM-1. Our current findings implicate that anti-chemokine autoantibody:chemokine immune complexes, such as IL-8:IL-8 complexes, may contribute to pathogenesis of lung inflammation by inducing activation of endothelial cells through engagement of IgG receptors.

0 Followers
 · 
123 Views
  • Source
    • "To analyze type II epithelial cell damage, anti- TTF1 (Thyroid Transcription Factor-1) was used since it is expressed within surfactant proteins (Miyake et al., 2007), while anti-CD34 was used for the analysis of endothelium injury. In this line, CD34 is a common diagnostic endothelial cell marker (Krupa et al., 2009; Oliveira et al., 2009). Cells were incubated with anti-TTF1 (monoclonal anti-body, "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We tested the hypothesis that at the early phase of acute lung injury (ALI) the degree of endothelium injury may predict lung parenchyma remodelling. For this purpose, two models of extrapulmonary ALI induced by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (ALI-LPS) or cecal ligation and puncture (ALI-CLP) were developed in mice. At day 1, these models had similar degrees of lung mechanical compromise, epithelial damage, and intraperitoneal inflammation, but endothelial lesion was greater in ALI-CLP. A time course analysis revealed, at day 7: ALI-CLP had higher degrees of epithelial lesion, denudation of basement membrane, endothelial damage, elastic and collagen fibre content, neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), peritoneal fluid and blood, levels of interleukin-6, KC (murine analogue of IL-8), and transforming growth factor-β in BALF. Conversely, the number of lung apoptotic cells was similar in both groups. In conclusion, the intensity of fibroelastogenesis was affected by endothelium injury in addition to the maintenance of epithelial damage and intraperitoneal inflammation.
    Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 09/2010; 173(2):179-88. DOI:10.1016/j.resp.2010.08.005 · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ALI (acute lung injury) and its more severe form ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) are inflammatory diseases of the lung characterized by hypoxaemia and diffuse bilateral infiltrates. Disruption of epithelial integrity and injury to endothelium are contributing factors of the development of ALI/ARDS, and alveolar damage is the most pronounced feature of ALI/ARDS. The resulting increase in lung microvascular permeability promotes influx of inflammatory cells to the alveolar spaces. Oedema fluid contains pro-nflammatory mediators and plasma proteins, including Igs (immunoglobulins). Moreover, several reports describe the presence of autoantibodies and immune complexes [anti-IL-8 (interleukin-8) autoantibody/IL-8 complexes] in lung fluids (oedema and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids) from patients with ALI/ARDS. These immune complexes associate with FcgammaRIIa (Fcgamma IIa receptor) in lungs of patients with ARDS. Furthermore, the expression of FcgammaRIIa is substantially elevated in lungs of these patients. FcgammaRIIa appears on virtually all myeloid cells, platelets and endothelial cells. It is a low-affinity receptor for IgG that preferentially binds aggregated immunoglobulins and immune complexes. FcgammaRs regulate phagocytosis and cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and initiate the release of inflammatory mediators. It should be noted that immune complexes formed between either anti-neutrophil autoantibodies and their specific antigens or anti-HLA (human leucocyte antigen) antibodies and target antigens are implicated in the pathogenesis of TRALI (transfusion-related acute lung injury), and importantly, animal studies indicate that FcgammaRs are essential for these complexes to cause damage to the lungs. Therefore, we hypothesize that FcgammaRs such as FcgammaRIIa could contribute to the pathogenesis of ALI/ARDS.
    Clinical Science 04/2010; 118(8):519-26. DOI:10.1042/CS20090422 · 5.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have previously demonstrated that the addition of immune complexes (IC) to stimulated macrophages could profoundly influence cytokine production. In the present work we sought to determine the density of IgG on immune complexes necessary to mediate phagocytosis, inhibit IL-12 production and induce IL-10 production from stimulated macrophages. We developed immune complexes with predictable average densities of surface-bound immunoglobulin. We show that a threshold amount of IgG was necessary to mediate attachment of IC to macrophages. At progressively higher densities of IgG, Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis resulted in an inhibition of IL-12 production and then an induction of IL-10. The reciprocal alterations in these two cytokines occurred when as little as one optimally opsonized SRBC was bound per macrophage. Macrophage IL-10 induction by immune complexes was associated with the activation of the MAP kinase, ERK, which was progressively increased as a function of IgG density. We conclude that signal transduction through the macrophage Fcγ receptors vary as a function of signal strength. At moderate IgG densities, especially in the presence of complement, efficient phagocytosis occurs in the absence of cytokine alterations. At slightly higher IgG densities IL-12 production is shut off and eventually IL-10 induction occurs. Thus, the myriad events emanating from FcγR ligation depends on the density of immune complexes, allowing the Fc receptors to fine-tune cellular responses depending on the extent of receptor cross-linking.
    Immunology letters 10/2010; 133(2):70-7. DOI:10.1016/j.imlet.2010.07.004 · 2.37 Impact Factor
Show more

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from