Efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of hepatic malignant tumors using a perfused-cooled electrode
ABSTRACT Evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation ofhepatic malignant tumors.
An ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation using a 17-gauge single needle perfusedcooled electrode (Cool-tip) RF ablation system was performed on 30 hepatic tumors in 26 patients between January 2009 and September 2010. The medical records, CT scan, and MRI results were assessed at one and three months after the procedure was completed. Primary technical success, local tumor progression, and complication were also evaluated.
Twenty-six hepatic lesions in 23 patients were primarily hepatocellular carcinoma. Only four lesions in three patients were metastasized. Three of them were from colorectal cancer whilst another one was from malignant melanoma. At 1-month follow-up imaging post percutaneous radiofrequency ablation, complete ablation rate was 86.7%. Local tumor progression at 3-month follow-up imaging was 4.2%. The rate for minor complication was 3.8%. No major complication was found Complete ablation rate was found to increase signiJicantly in tumors size of less than 2 cm compared to those diameter larger than 2 cm (p < 0.05).
Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is one of the most effective and invulnerable therapeutic modality in treatment of hepatic malignant tumor. Size is the key factor of technical success as the smaller the size of tumor the better the outcome achieved.
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ABSTRACT: Background: While cooled radiofrequency ablation (C-RFA) appears to be a promising technology for joint denervation, outcomes of this technique for the treatment of lumbar facet syndrome have not been described. We report clinical outcomes in a case series of patients treated with C-RFA for lumbar facet syndrome. Methods: Consecutive patients aged 18-60 years diagnosed with lumbar facet syndrome, confirmed by ≥75% symptom relief with at least one set of diagnostic medial branch nerve blocks, who underwent C-RFA between January 2007 and December 2013 in an urban academic pain center were included. The respective proportions of participants who reported ≥50% improvement in pain and in function were calculated. Change in median NRS score, daily morphine equivalent consumption (DME), and medication quantification scale III (MQS III) score were measured. Results: Twelve patients underwent C-RFA; three were lost to follow-up. The median and 25%-75% interquartile range (IQR) for age was 44 years (35, 54). The median duration of follow-up was 34 months, IQR (21, 55). The percentage and 95% confidence interval (CI) of patients who reported ≥50% improvement in pain was 33% CI (12%, 64%) and in function was 78%, CI (41%, 96%). There was no significant change in DME or MSQ III score. Approximately 50% of patients sought additional healthcare by long-term follow-up. No complications were reported. Conclusions: This case series suggests that C-RFA may improve function and to a lesser degree pain at long-term follow-up. A randomized, controlled trial is warranted.