Treatment of the sacroiliac joint in patients with leg pain: a randomized-controlled trial

Department of Neurology, St. Elisabeth Hospital, PO Box 90151, 5000 LC, Tilburg, The Netherlands, .
European Spine Journal (Impact Factor: 2.47). 05/2013; 22(10). DOI: 10.1007/s00586-013-2833-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) may be a cause of sciatica. The aim of this study was to assess which treatment is successful for SIJ-related back and leg pain. METHODS: Using a single-blinded randomised trial, we assessed the short-term therapeutic efficacy of physiotherapy, manual therapy, and intra-articular injection with local corticosteroids in the SIJ in 51 patients with SIJ-related leg pain. The effect of the treatment was evaluated after 6 and 12 weeks. RESULTS: Of the 51 patients, 25 (56 %) were successfully treated. Physiotherapy was successful in 3 out of 15 patients (20 %), manual therapy in 13 of the 18 (72 %), and intra-articular injection in 9 of 18 (50 %) patients (p = 0.01). Manual therapy had a significantly better success rate than physiotherapy (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: In this small single-blinded prospective study, manual therapy appeared to be the choice of treatment for patients with SIJ-related leg pain. A second choice of treatment to be considered is an intra-articular injection.

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