Does Surgical Approach in Total Hip Arthroplasty Affect Rehabilitation, Discharge Disposition, and Readmission Rate?
ABSTRACT There is a substantial preoccupation with different surgical approaches and minimally invasive techniques that may improve clinical outcomes for patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty. This study assessed the impact on hospital-related outcomes of the direct anterior approach (DAA) compared with the posterior approach (PA) performed by a single surgeon in 100 consecutive patients in each cohort. Patient age was similar in the DAA (61 ± 1.1 years) compared with the PA (62 ± 1.3, p = 0.733); however, BMI tended to be lower in DAA patients (29.1 ± 0.8) compared with PA patients (31.3 ± 0.7, p = 0.057). The DAA compared with the PA was associated with significantly less blood loss (285 ± 15 vs. 367 ± 21ml, p = 0.002) and transfusions (18 vs. 39 units, p = 0.009), less narcotic usage on postoperative days 1-3 (101 ± 12 vs. 146 ± 12 morphine equivalent dose, p = 0.010), a quicker hospital discharge (70 ± 3.3 vs. 97 ± 5.5 hours, p < 0.001), and a more favorable disposition (97% vs. 84% discharged home, p = 0.003). Thirty-day readmission rate was significantly higher with the PA (9%) compared with the DAA (1%, p = 0.030). The number of cups in the safe zone (5° to 25° anteversion and 30° to 50° inclination) was significantly higher with the DAA (92%) compared with the PA (75%, p = 0.002), possibly attributed to fluoroscopy used with the DAA. The DAA muscle-preservation technique may have led to the benefits observed in this study compared with the muscle-splitting technique associated with the PA.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to compare the clinical, radiographic and surgical outcomes among patients undergoing primary THA performed via the anterior versus posterior approach. We searched numerous sources and eventually included 17 studies, totaling 2302 participants. In terms of post-operative pain and function, the anterior approach was significantly favored in 4 studies at short-term follow-up. Pooled estimates showed a significant difference in favor of the anterior approach in terms of length of stay and dislocations. Current evidence comparing outcomes following anterior versus posterior THA does not demonstrate clear superiority of either approach. Until more rigorous, randomized evidence is available, we recommend choice of surgical approach for THA be based on patient characteristics, surgeon experience and surgeon and patient preference. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.The Journal of Arthroplasty 10/2014; 30(3). DOI:10.1016/j.arth.2014.10.020 · 2.37 Impact Factor
- 02/2015; 2:3. DOI:10.3389/fsurg.2015.00003
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ABSTRACT: The direct anterior approach (DAA) is an increasingly popular technique for performing total hip arthroplasty (THA). This muscle-sparing approach may yield functional benefits. However, DAA has been associated with an increased risk incidence (RI) of intra- and postoperative complications. A systematic review of the published literature was conducted to document the cumulative RI of intra- and postoperative complications, as well as the presence of a learning curve in subjects undergoing THA with a DAA. Study selection and data extraction were carried out independently in duplicate. A Bayesian zero-inflated random-effect model was used to calculate pooled estimates for the different endpoints. Thirty-eight studies (6485 patients) were analysed. RIs of 0.8 % [95 % confidence interval (CI): 0.4-1.6 %] and 0.5 % (95 % CI: 0.3-0.9 %) were found for intra-operative trochanter and femoral fractures, respectively, and of 0.9 % (95 CI: 0.3-2.6 %) for postoperative transient lateral cutaneous femoral nerve (LCFN) impairment. A clear RI for early revisions (2.1 %; 95 % CI: 1.4-2.8 %) and other surgical re-interventions (1.3 %; 95 % CI: 0.7-1.9 %) was present, but these values do not differ from reported RIs for THA overall. The RI for dislocation was low (0.6 %; 95 % CI: 0.4-0.9 %) compared with the reported literature. DAA is a technically demanding procedure, with outcomes possibly indicative of surgeon learning curve. A risk for intra-operative fractures and LCFN is evident, although the risk for other adverse effects is comparable to those with other approaches.Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00402-015-2258-y · 1.36 Impact Factor