Does Surgical Approach in Total Hip Arthroplasty Affect Rehabilitation, Discharge Disposition, and Readmission Rate?
ABSTRACT There is a substantial preoccupation with different surgical approaches and minimally invasive techniques that may improve clinical outcomes for patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty. This study assessed the impact on hospital-related outcomes of the direct anterior approach (DAA) compared with the posterior approach (PA) performed by a single surgeon in 100 consecutive patients in each cohort. Patient age was similar in the DAA (61 ± 1.1 years) compared with the PA (62 ± 1.3, p = 0.733); however, BMI tended to be lower in DAA patients (29.1 ± 0.8) compared with PA patients (31.3 ± 0.7, p = 0.057). The DAA compared with the PA was associated with significantly less blood loss (285 ± 15 vs. 367 ± 21ml, p = 0.002) and transfusions (18 vs. 39 units, p = 0.009), less narcotic usage on postoperative days 1-3 (101 ± 12 vs. 146 ± 12 morphine equivalent dose, p = 0.010), a quicker hospital discharge (70 ± 3.3 vs. 97 ± 5.5 hours, p < 0.001), and a more favorable disposition (97% vs. 84% discharged home, p = 0.003). Thirty-day readmission rate was significantly higher with the PA (9%) compared with the DAA (1%, p = 0.030). The number of cups in the safe zone (5° to 25° anteversion and 30° to 50° inclination) was significantly higher with the DAA (92%) compared with the PA (75%, p = 0.002), possibly attributed to fluoroscopy used with the DAA. The DAA muscle-preservation technique may have led to the benefits observed in this study compared with the muscle-splitting technique associated with the PA.
- SourceAvailable from: Sergio D Bergese02/2015; 2:3. DOI:10.3389/fsurg.2015.00003
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ABSTRACT: The direct anterior approach (DAA) is an increasingly popular technique for performing total hip arthroplasty (THA). This muscle-sparing approach may yield functional benefits. However, DAA has been associated with an increased risk incidence (RI) of intra- and postoperative complications. A systematic review of the published literature was conducted to document the cumulative RI of intra- and postoperative complications, as well as the presence of a learning curve in subjects undergoing THA with a DAA. Study selection and data extraction were carried out independently in duplicate. A Bayesian zero-inflated random-effect model was used to calculate pooled estimates for the different endpoints. Thirty-eight studies (6485 patients) were analysed. RIs of 0.8 % [95 % confidence interval (CI): 0.4-1.6 %] and 0.5 % (95 % CI: 0.3-0.9 %) were found for intra-operative trochanter and femoral fractures, respectively, and of 0.9 % (95 CI: 0.3-2.6 %) for postoperative transient lateral cutaneous femoral nerve (LCFN) impairment. A clear RI for early revisions (2.1 %; 95 % CI: 1.4-2.8 %) and other surgical re-interventions (1.3 %; 95 % CI: 0.7-1.9 %) was present, but these values do not differ from reported RIs for THA overall. The RI for dislocation was low (0.6 %; 95 % CI: 0.4-0.9 %) compared with the reported literature. DAA is a technically demanding procedure, with outcomes possibly indicative of surgeon learning curve. A risk for intra-operative fractures and LCFN is evident, although the risk for other adverse effects is comparable to those with other approaches.Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00402-015-2258-y · 1.36 Impact Factor