Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Psoriasis: Current and Future
ABSTRACT Psoriasis is a common yet complex inflammatory dermatosis that may be seen in infants, children, and adolescents. The clinical presentation and course may be quite variable, and while patients with mild disease are often easily managed, those with recalcitrant or more severe disease often present a therapeutic dilemma given the number of therapies available and the relative lack of data on the efficacy and safety of use of these therapies in children. This review presents the reader with an overview of the current understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric psoriasis, with an emphasis on the available data in the literature that pertains to the use in children of currently available topical and systemic therapies, including topical corticosteroids, vitamin D analogs, phototherapy, systemic immunosuppressive medications, and biologic agents.
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ABSTRACT: In 2008, a systematic review revealed that evidence-based data on efficacy and safety of treatments in paediatric psoriasis are scarce and with low level of evidence. In recent years, publications on this topic have increased exponentially. To present a systematic, evidence-based update on the efficacy and safety of systemic treatments in paediatric psoriasis and to provide treatment recommendations, an update of the previous review was performed. PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trial Register were searched between January 2007 and March 2014 for all available literature on efficacy and safety of all systemic treatments in paediatric psoriasis. The levels of evidence were determined on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. The newly retrieved evidence was combined with the evidence available in the former review. Fifty-two studies were included: 36 from the former review, plus 16 new articles. New evidence on induction therapy was mainly available on fumaric acid esters (FAEs), which are shown to be effective in a subgroup of patients. Long-term (96 weeks) safety and efficacy data on etanercept were found. Prospective studies are scarce. Most conclusions are formulated on studies with low level of evidence. Of the conventional systemic treatments, methotrexate still has the most evidence albeit in a low number of patients and with a low level of evidence. FAEs seem to be effective in a subgroup of patients, with gastro-intestinal complaints, flushes and temporary shifts in leucocyte counts and liver enzymes being the main side-effects. Etanercept has still accumulated most evidence of the available systematic treatments, with a large efficacy and reassuring safety profile in a 96-week follow-up.Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 10/2014; 29(3). DOI:10.1111/jdv.12749 · 3.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities of the X chromosome. An association with many autoimmune diseases is described as well as skin diseases such as psoriasis, vitiligo and alopecia areata. Trachyonychia is characterized by irregular opaque appearance on the nail plate of all 20 nails. It may be idiopathic or it can be associated with other dermatological diseases. Herein, we present a 6 years old girl with Turner syndrome who had diagnoses of psoriasis, alopecia areata and trachyonychia and we would like to draw attention to the possible relationship between these diseases.