Disease-specific analyses of unrelated cord blood transplantation compared with unrelated bone marrow transplantation in adult patients with acute leukemia
ABSTRACT We made a disease-specific comparison of unrelated cord blood (CB) recipients and human leukocyte antigen allele-matched unrelated bone marrow (BM) recipients among 484 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; 173 CB and 311 BM) and 336 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; 114 CB and 222 BM) who received myeloablative transplantations. In multivariate analyses, among AML cases, lower overall survival (hazard ratio [HR]=1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-2.0, P= .028) and leukemia-free survival (HR=1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0, P= .012) were observed in CB recipients. The relapse rate did not differ between the 2 groups of AML (HR=1.2; 95% CI, 0.8-1.9, P= .38); however, the treatment-related mortality rate showed higher trend in CB recipients (HR=1.5; 95% CI, 1.0-2.3, P= .085). In ALL, there was no significant difference between the groups for relapse (HR=1.4, 95% CI, 0.8-2.4, P= .19) and treatment-related mortality (HR=1.0; 95% CI, 0.6-1.7, P= .98), which contributed to similar overall survival (HR=1.1; 95% CI, 0.7-1.6, P= .78) and leukemia-free survival (HR=1.2; 95% CI, 0.9-1.8, P= .28). Matched or mismatched single-unit CB is a favorable alternative stem cell source for patients without a human leukocyte antigen-matched related or unrelated donor. For patients with AML, decreasing mortality, especially in the early phase of transplantation, is required to improve the outcome for CB recipients.
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ABSTRACT: We report the results of umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) performed in 88 patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) between 1998 and 2008 in Japan; severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID, n = 40), Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS, n = 23), chronic granulomatous disease (n = 7), severe congenital neutropaenia (SCN, n = 5) and other immunodeficiencies (n = 13). Five-year overall survival (5-year OS) for all patients was 69% [95% confidence interval (CI), 57-78%], and was 71% and 82% for SCID and WAS, respectively. The main cause of death before day 100 was infection (17/19), while that after day 100 was graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (5/7). Using multivariate analyses, pre-transplant infection, no conditioning, ≥ 2 human leucocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches or diagnosis other than SCID, SCN or WAS were all associated with poor prognosis. Reduced-intensity conditioning was associated with decreased overall mortality compared with myeloablative therapy. The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 acute GVHD at day 100 was 28% (95% CI, 19-38%), and that of chronic GVHD at day 180 was 13% (95% CI, 7-23%). We conclude that UCBT should be considered for PID patients without an HLA-matched sibling. The control of pre-transplant infection and selection of HLA-matched donors will lead to a better outcome.British Journal of Haematology 05/2011; 154(3):363-72. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2011.08735.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The use of unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) as an alternative source of haematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT) has been widely used for patients lacking a human leucocyte antigen (HLA) matched donor. One of the disadvantages of using UCB is the limited number of haematopoietic stem cells and, consequently, delayed engraftment and increased risk of early mortality. Many approaches have been investigated in the attempt to improve engraftment and survival. Among those, studies analysing prognostic factors related to patients, disease, donor and transplantation have been performed. Variable factors have been identified, such as factors related to donor choice (HLA, cell dose and others) and transplantation (conditioning and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis regimens). This review will focus on the interactions between HLA, cell dose and other modifiable factors related to the UCB unit selection and transplantation that may improve outcomes after UCB transplantation.British Journal of Haematology 10/2009; 147(2):262-74. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07883.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Growing evidence supports the efficacy of cord blood transplantation (CBT) to treat patients with haematological malignancies, and the number of CBTs is rapidly increasing. Herein, we review considerations regarding conditioning regimens for CBT, the impact of double unit transplantation on CBT outcomes, and data regarding infectious complications following CBT.British Journal of Haematology 10/2009; 147(2):207-16. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07782.x · 4.96 Impact Factor