Evaluation de l’abondance de plantes médicinales utilisées en médecine traditionnelle dans le Nord de la Côte d’Ivoire.

Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences (Impact Factor: 0.45). 04/2013; 17(3):2631-2641.


Medicinal plants are still largely use in many West African countries such as Cote d’Ivoire. This
study aimed at evaluating the abundance and availability of 11 medicinal plants from Northern
Côte d’Ivoire. Floristic inventory based on random plot sampling method was applied on 104
small squares (25 m x 25 m). Two thousand and fifty nine (2059) plants divided into 1341 adults
and 718 juveniles were inventoried and distributed in diversity status according to the
rarefaction index. The most abundant plants (Ri < 80%) was rare faction index Pericopsis
laxiflora (Fabaceae), Piliostigma thonningii (Caesalpiniaceae), Vitellaria paradoxa (Sapotaceae)
and Anogeissus leiocarpus (Combretaceae). The medium abundant species (Ri > 80%) were
Ficus vallis-choudae (Moraceae), Annona senegalensis (Annonaceae), Securidaca
longipedunculata (Polygalaceae), Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Meliaceae), Crossopteryx febrifuga
(Rubiaceae) and Lannea barteri (Anacardiaceae). Only Sclerocarya birrea (Anacardiaceae) is
rare (Ri = 100%) and threatened. This study raises the fact that there is an urgent need to
develop methods for a sustainable use of these medicinal plants from Northern Côte d’Ivoire.

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