Glucosinolate Variation in Leaves of Brassica rapa Crops
ABSTRACT Total and individual glucosinolate (GSL) content of leaves of vegetable turnip rape (Brassica rapa L. var. rapa) was determined in a set of 45 varieties consisting in early, medium and late types grown at two locations in northwestern Spain. The objectives were to determine the diversity among varieties in GSL content and to relate that variation with earliness and plant habit. Eight GSL were identified, being two aliphatic GSL, gluconapin (84. 4 % of the total GSL) and glucobrassicanapin (7.2 % of the total GSL) the most abundant. Indolic and aromatic GSL content were low but also showed significant differences among varieties. Differences in total and individual GSL content were found among varieties, plant habit groups, and earliness groups. Total GSL content ranged from 19 to 37.3 μmol g-1 dw in early and extra-late groups, respectively, and from 19.5 to 36.3 μmol g-1 dw for turnips and turnip greens groups, respectively. These differences were consistent to values found for gluconapin content where the turnip group had the highest values (31.8 μmol g-1 dw) and the turnip top group had the lowest (15. 7 μmol g-1 dw). Two varieties, MBG-BRS0429 and MBG-BRS0550 (from turnip greens and extra-late groups) and MBG-BRS0438 (from turnips and late groups), stood out as they had the highest total GSL content and could be used as a good source of these beneficial bioactive compounds. Elucidation of genetic diversity among crops can provide useful information to assist plant breeders to design improved breeding strategies in order to obtain varieties rich on GSL. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the expression of seven MYB transcription factors (a total of 17 genes that included Dof1.1, IQD1-1, MYB28, MYB29, MYB34, MYB51, and MYB122 and their isoforms) involved in aliphatic and indolic glucosinolate (GSL) biosynthesis and analyzed the aliphatic and indolic GSL content in different organs of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapassp. Pekinensis). MYB28 and MYB29 expression in the stem was dramatically different when compared with the levels in the other organs. MYB34, MYB122, MYB51, Dof1.1, and IQD1-1 showed very low transcript levels among different organs. HPLC analysis showed that the glucosinolates (GSLs) consisted of five aliphatic GSLs (progoitrin, sinigrin, glucoalyssin, gluconapin, and glucobrassicanapin) and four indolic GSLs (4-hydroxyglucobrassicin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxygluco-brassicin, and neoglucobrassicin). Aliphatic GSLs exhibited 63.3% of the total GSLs content, followed by aromatic GSL (19.0%), indolic GSLs (10%), and unknown GSLs (7.7%) in different organs of Chinese cabbage. The total GSL content of different parts (ranked in descending order) was as follows: seed > flower > young leaves > stem > root > old leaves. The relationship between GSLs accumulation and expression of GSLs biosynthesis MYB TFs genes in different organs may be helpful to understand the mechanism of MYB TFs regulating GSL biosynthesis in Chinese cabbage.Molecules 01/2013; 18(7):8682-95. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The profile of glucosinolates in relation to the antioxidant capacity of five Brassica vegetables (Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi, White and Red Cabbage) grown by organic and conventional agricultural practices in Transylvania region-Romania, were determined and compared. The qualitative and quantitative compositions of glucosinolates were determined by HPLC-PDA technique. The antioxidant capacity was comparatively determined by ABTS, DPPH, FRAP and Folin-Ciocalteu assays. The highest glucosinolates levels were found in the Broccoli samples grown under conventional practices (14.24 μmol/g dry weight), glucoraphanin, glucobrassicin and neo-glucobrassicin being the major components. The total glucosinolates content was similar in Kohlrabi and Cauliflower (4.89 and 4.84 μmol/g dry weight, respectively), the indolyl glucosinolates were predominant in Kohlrabi, while the aliphatic derivatives (sinigrin and glucoiberin) were major in Cauliflower. In Cabbage samples, the aliphatic glucosinolates were predominat against indolyl derivatives, glucoraphanin and glucoiberin being the main ones in Red Cabbage. The principal component analysis was applied to discriminate among conventional and organic samples and demonstrated non-overlaps between these two agricultural practices. Meanwhile it was shown that glucosinolates may represent appropriate molecular markers of Brassica vegetables, their antioxidant capacity being higher in organic crops, without significant differences among different Brassica varieties.Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 07/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor