Article

Measurement of the first ionization potential of astatine by laser ionization spectroscopy.

1] CERN, CH-1211 Genève, Switzerland [2] Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, D-55128 Mainz, Germany.
Nature Communications (Impact Factor: 10.74). 05/2013; 4:1835. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2819
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of the minute quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential. Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the ionization threshold. The observed series of Rydberg states enabled the first determination of the ionization potential of the astatine atom, 9.31751(8) eV. New ab initio calculations are performed to support the experimental result. The measured value serves as a benchmark for quantum chemistry calculations of the properties of astatine as well as for the theoretical prediction of the ionization potential of superheavy element 117, the heaviest homologue of astatine.

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