Pulmonary nodules caused by Schizophyllum commune after cardiac transplantation.
ABSTRACT The incidence of pulmonary nodules after cardiac transplantation is not uncommon, and prompt diagnostic procedures are necessary to minimize disease-related morbidity and mortality. We report a 56-year-old woman who was found to have bilateral pulmonary nodules four months after cardiac transplantation. The microorganism was identified with a molecular diagnostic method as Schizophyllum commune, which had not been reported in English literature as a pathogen inducing pulmonary nodules after transplantation. She remained asymptomatic during the therapeutic period and the pulmonary nodules resolved six months later.
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ABSTRACT: In the last 50 years, to our knowledge, only 16 cases of diseases caused by Schizophyllum commune in humans have been reported. Within only 6 months, we found four isolates of this basidiomycetous fungus, obtained from patients suffering from chronic sinusitis. The cultures of the isolated fungi showed neither clamp connections nor fruiting bodies (basidiocarps), which are distinctive features for S. commune, but fast-growing cottony white mycelium only. This was harvested, and DNA was extracted. The internal transcribed spacer region of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) was amplified with fungus-specific primers, and the PCR products were sequenced. Two strains of S. commune, collected from branches of a European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) and a tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima), respectively; four specimens from the herbarium of the Institute of Botany, Karl-Franzens-University Graz; and two strains from internationally known culture collections (CBS 340.81 [ATCC 44201] and CBS 405.96) were investigated in the same way. The sequence data of all strains were compared and showed homology of over 99% in this 660-bp-long fragment of rDNA. With these results, a map of restriction enzyme cutting sites and a primer set specific for S. commune were created for reliable identification of this human pathogenic fungus.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 08/2001; 39(7):2391-6. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A case of sinusitis caused by the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune is reported in a 36-year-old female with a history of allergic rhinitis and dermatitis. The patient presented with sudden nasal obstruction, purulent nasal discharge, headache and general discomfort. Computer tomography revealed extensive opacity of the left maxillary sinus as well as erosion of the nasal wall and maxillary bone. Mycological examinations of nasal discharges and material aspirated during anthrostomy showed hyaline, septate hyphae with rare spicules. Primary isolation yielded a white, woolly mould which demonstrated clamp connections and basidiocarp primordia but these characteristics were lost in subculture. Identification was confirmed by vegetative compatibility studies. The patient was treated with itraconazole to avoid possible postsurgical dissemination. Three months after cessation of therapy, no recurrence of infection had occurred.Journal of medical and veterinary mycology: bi-monthly publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology 01/1997; 35(5):365-70.
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ABSTRACT: This report describes application of PCR fingerprinting to identify common species of dermatophytes using the microsatellite primers M13, (GACA)4, and (GTG)5. The initial PCR analysis rendered a specific DNA fragment for Microsporum audouinii, which was cloned and sequenced. Based on the sequencing data of this fragment, forward (MA_1F) and reverse (MA_1R) primers were designed and verified by PCR to establish their reliability in the diagnosis of M. audouinii. These primers produced a singular PCR band of 431 bp specific only to strains and isolates of M. audouinii, based on a global test of 182 strains/isolates belonging to 11 species of dermatophytes. These findings indicate these primers are reliable for diagnostic purposes, and we recommend their use in laboratory analysis.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 01/2007; 44(12):4336-41. · 4.07 Impact Factor