Sensitisation and post-transplant course after the implantation of ventricular assist device.

Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.11). 01/2009; 8(3):339-42; discussion 342-3. DOI: 10.1510/icvts.2008.192567
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate sensitisation, occurring because of bridging with VAD, and development of rejection episodes after transplantation in selected groups of patients using triple drug immunosuppression, without induction or desensitisation therapy. Sensitisation using standard complement dependent cytotoxicity was tested in 16 patients awaiting cardiac transplantation before VAD placement, one month post-implantation and on a six-monthly basis later on. Long-term (955+/-998 days) post-transplant course of six transplanted post-VAD patients was compared with 19 non-bridged recipients (follow-up time 1425+/-1273 days) of the same age. One-third of VAD recipients had developed anti-HLA antibodies one month post-implantation; 4/16 patients were sensitised six months after implantation. No de novo sensitisation development was revealed in VAD group post-transplantation. All sensitised patients independent of VAD placement underwent graft rejection episodes. Only 1 of 6 VAD recipient was treated because of grade 2R rejection, compared to 6/19 in the non-bridged group, P=0.63. None of the patients had failed because of early graft rejection. In conclusion, VAD devices used in our centre cause low level risk for anti-HLA antibodies development. There were no differences in survival due to immunologic reasons between VAD bridged and non-bridged patients.

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