Manganese catalysts with molecular recognition functionality for selective alkene epoxidation.

Chemistry Department, Yale University, 225 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA.
Inorganic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.79). 01/2009; 48(2):488-95. DOI: 10.1021/ic8013464
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Selective epoxidation of alkenes is possible with a new manganese porphyrin catalyst, C(PMR), that uses hydrogen bonding between the carboxylic acid on the substrate molecule and a Kemp's triacid unit. For two out of three olefin substrates employed, molecular recognition prevents the unselective oxidation of C-H bonds, and directs oxidation to the olefin moiety, giving only epoxide products. Weak diastereoselectivity is observed in the epoxide products, suggesting that molecular recognition affects the orientation of the catalyst-bound substrate. The previously reported manganese terpyridine complex C(TMR) is shown to be a superior epoxidation catalyst to the porphyrin catalyst C(PMR). Good conversion of 2-cyclopentene acetic acid (substrate S2) with C(PMR) is consistent with molecular modeling, which indicates a particularly good substrate/catalyst match. Evidence suggests that hydrogen bonding between the substrate and the catalyst is critical in this system.

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