Article

Subcortical epilepsy?

Departments of Medicine (R.A.B.B., S.J.V., M.J.C.) and Electrical and Electronic Engineering (R.A.B.B.), The University of Melbourne, Melbourne
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 05/2013; 80(20):1901-7. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182929f4f
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In the past, the cortex has for the most part been considered to be the site of seizure origin in the different forms of epilepsy. Findings from histopathologic, electrophysiologic, and brain imaging studies now provide ample evidence demonstrating that like normal cerebral function, epileptic seizures involve widespread network interactions between cortical and subcortical structures. These studies show that different forms of generalized and focal epileptiform discharges and seizures engage various subcortical structures in varying ways. This interaction has been the subject of many reviews and is not the focus of the current work. The aim of this review is to examine the evidence suggesting the possibility for some of the subcortical structures to initiate seizures independently and the clinical implications of this.

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