Over the past decade, many initiatives have been directed toward eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare. Despite these efforts, the 2007 National Healthcare Disparities Report revealed that overall disparities in healthcare quality and access have not decreased. Although the disparities described vary in magnitude by category and population, they were identified in almost every aspect of healthcare. Improving the quality of care may not reduce disparities; therefore, ensuring the collection of better patient reported race and ethnicity data, whereas linking it to clinical performance may be one of the first challenges to overcome. Eliminating disparities in healthcare is particularly important in the provision of pediatric care because children of immigrant families are the fastest growing sector of the pediatric population in the United States. This article describes an approach to the stratification of nursing-sensitive measures by race, ethnicity, and insurance group, which integrally links cultural competence to quality of care, identifies disparities in patient outcomes related to nursing care, and informs the development of tailored interventions to meet the needs of diverse patients and their families.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While there is a growing literature on building performance measurement systems for health equities, this literature for the most part has not dealt with the challenges of coordinating the various parts of the system, the heterogeneous nature of such systems, or how evaluations and measurement can themselves improve performance. This paper describes the initial steps taken to build a performance measurement system to coordinate health equity across 18 hospitals led by the Toronto Central Local Health Integration Network, which is a regional health authority serving a population of more than 2.5 million residents (near in population to Chicago and Rome) and the most socially diverse urban network in Ontario, Canada. This paper also describes some principles that can help inform a performance measurement system. The innovative aspect of this paper is that these principles were developed through feedback by the hospitals.
Evaluation and program planning 03/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2012.03.009 · 0.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to examine the feasibility of collecting standardized, patient reported race and ethnicity (RE) data in hospitals, and to assess the impact on data quality and utility.
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