The ten test for sensation.

School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Canada.
Journal of physiotherapy (Impact Factor: 2.89). 06/2013; 59(2):132. DOI: 10.1016/S1836-9553(13)70171-1
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Study Design Cross-sectional discriminative analysis. Objective To determine whether current perception threshold (CPT) can differentiate between categories of patients with mechanical neck disorders (MNDs). Background Neck pain is the third most common musculoskeletal disorder, affecting a third of all adults each year. It can present as neck pain without musculoskeletal signs; neck pain with musculoskeletal signs but no neurological signs; neck pain with neurological signs. CPT testing can assess altered sensory perception that may reflect neurological changes. Methods Patients with MNDs (n=106) were classified into 3 groups based on a standardized musculoskeletal examination process performed by an experienced physiotherapist blinded to CPT scores. The 3 groups were defined as: MND-I, neck pain without musculoskeletal signs (n=60); MND-II, neck pain with musculoskeletal signs (n=29); MND-III, neck pain with neurological signs (n=17). A rapid protocol of CPT testing was performed at 3 frequencies (5, 250, 2000 Hz), using 3 dermatomal locations on the hand. A 1-way ANOVA with post hoc comparison and effect sizes were calculated to compare the mean CPT score between the groups. A binary logistic regression model was used to predict probability of higher CPT in MND-III and used to create a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results Mean CPT differed significantly across the 3 MND groups (MND-I, 9.7; MND-II, 10.6; and MND-III, 11.8; P < .001, η(2) = .6). Post hoc comparisons indicated differences between MND-I and MND-II (P = .05) and between MND-II and MND-III (P = .01), that were large effect sizes (MND I versus II, d = 1 and MND II versus III, d = 2.2). CPT testing was able to distinguish between MND II and III when a threshold value of greater than 11 was used to indicate MND-III. The predicted probability of abnormal CPT in MND-III had an estimated 73% sensitivity and 81% specificity; the odds ratio was 11.5 (P =.001) for the differentiation capacity of CPT between MND-II and III with a cut-off of 11. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was .84 (95% CI =.72 to .96, P < .001). Conclusions CPT testing has moderate discriminatory accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity for classification of MND categories into neck pain with or without neurological signs. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, Epub 10 May 2014. doi:10.2519/jospt.2014.5691.
    The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate assessment of pain or sensory function in clinical practice is challenging. Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) is a standardized approach to measuring pain and sensory thresholds or tolerances as a means of assessing the functionality of neural pathways from the receptors along the afferent fibers to the brains. This paper reviews two simple QST techniques potentially useful to clinical practice: the Cold Stress Test and Ten Test. The background, evidence for clinical measurement properties and feasibility issues are considered. Keywords Quantitative evaluation, sensory test, pain, sensation, threshold
    Physiotherapy Practice and Research. 03/2014; 35(1):33-40.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was conducted to estimate the extent to which pressure pain sensitivity (PPS) and patient factors predict pain-related disability in patients with neck pain (NP), and to determine if PPS differs by gender. Forty-four participants with a moderate level of chronic NP were recruited for this cross sectional study. All participants were asked to complete self-reported assessments of pain, disability and comorbidity and then underwent PPS testing at 4-selected body locations.Pearsos r w was computed to explore relationships between the PPS measures and the self-reported assessments. Regression models were built to identify predictors of pain and disability. An independent sample t-test was done to identify gender-related differences in PPS, pain-disability and comorbidity. In this study, greater PPS (threshold and tolerance) was significantly correlated to lower pain-disability (r = -.30 to -.53, p≤0.05). Age was not correlated with pain or disability but comorbidity was (r= 0.42-.43, p≤0.01). PPS at the 4-selected body locations was able to explain neck disability (R 2 =25-28%). Comorbidity was the strongest predictor of neck disability (R 2 =30%) and pain (R 2 =25%). Significant mean differences for gender were found in PPS, disability and comorbidity, but not in pain intensity or rating. This study suggests that PPS may play a role in outcome measures of pain and disability but between-subject comparisons should consider gender and comorbidity issues.
    The Open Orthopaedics Journal 06/2014; 8.


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Jul 5, 2014