Intake of vitamins among clinically healthy adults from continental Croatia estimated by 24-h recall

Department of Food and Nutrition Research, Faculty of Food Technology, University F.F. Strossmayer in Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.21). 09/2008; 59(6):457-64. DOI: 10.1080/09637480701425635
Source: PubMed


The role of vitamins in nutrition of the Croatian population is still underestimated and insufficiently investigated although they have important protective effects in human health. The aim of this research was to examine vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacin and ascorbic acid intake in 120 adults, aged 18-54 years (mean 33.8 years). The research was conducted using a 24-h recall method, and was repeated 10 times during 1 year. Participants were separated according to age into two groups (< or = 30 years, and > 30 years), as well as according to sex. There were no significant differences in vitamins intake between age groups. When divided by sex, significant difference in vitamins intake was found. When nutritive density was considered, significant difference was found for more vitamins regarding age, and less regarding sex. In conclusion, considering recommendations, the examined population took adequate amounts of vitamins.

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    ABSTRACT: Minerals, and especially vitamins, are unevenly distributed in various types of foods and the contribution of particular food to their intake depends not only on their content in food, but also on the frequency of consumption, size of serving and food preparation methods [1]. Plant foods contain almost all of the mineral nutrients established as essential for human nutrition [2]. Fruits are generally considered to be good sources of potassium, but they also contribute to the intake of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, while trace elements copper and iron are the most represented [3]. Regarding vitamins, fruits are generally considered as good sources of vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin [1]. Recommended amounts of energy and nutrients are adjusted to the needs of people of different ages and genders. Specific needs for various population subgroups are defined in standards issued by the Food and Nutrition Board of the US Academy of Sciences [4–9]. Until recently , values of Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) were used, but with technological progress, new scientific findings on the biological value of the food and the requirements of indivi duals and populations, new guidelines on reference values of nutrient intake called Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) have been proposed. These are the values that represent the quantitative assessment of nutrient intake and, on the basis of these values, diet of healthy people can be planned [10]. DRI values are used in Croatia and implemented into national legislation [11]. Due to the fact that data on the intake of fruits and vegetables in Croatian population are scarce, and their contribution to the micronutrient intake was not studied previously, the aim of this paper was to estimate micronutrient intake from fresh Contribution of fresh fruit consumption to the micronutrient intake in Zagreb region adults
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