Laparoscopic treatment of intussusception in giant submucosal lipoma sigma

Servicio de Cirugía Generaly del Aparato Digestivo, Hospital Universitario de Elche, Alicante, España.
Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana 03/2013; 43(1):36-8.
Source: PubMed


Colonic lipomas have very low frequency, are usually asymptomatic and diagnosis is made incidentally. Seventy-five per cent of lipomas larger than 4 cm are symptomatic, causing abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, obstruction and exceptionally invagination. The resection of invaginated segment is mandatory in cases with invagination and can be performed by laparoscopy when colonic dilation is moderate. We present a 73-year-old man who entered the emergency department complaining of intermitent abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, absence of bowel movements and flatulence, during four days. A CT scan showed a generalized colonic dilation until left lower quadrant. A colo-colonic invagination secondary to an endoluminal lipoma was observed in sigmoid colon. A laparoscopic sigmoidectomy was performed with extracorporeal termino-terminal anastomosis. The postoperative period was uneventful and the patient was discharged from the hospital five days later. A sumbmucous colonic lipoma was diagnosed in the pathological study.

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    ABSTRACT: Adult intussusception is rare and usually caused by a tumor acting as the lead point. Therefore, laparotomy should be considered for the treatment. Laparoscopic procedures for use in cases of adult intussusception have been recently reported; however, there is no consensus regarding the safety and efficacy. Here, we describe a successful case of laparoscopic management of an octogenarian adult intussusception caused by an ileal lipoma, which was preoperatively suspected. An 87-year-old male presented with progressive abdominal distention and vomiting. Contrast radiography of the small intestine showed an ileal tumor, and magnetic resonance imaging indicated a target-like mass, consistent with an ileal intussusception. The patient was suspected with an intussusception due to an ileal lipoma, and laparoscopic surgery was performed. An approximately 10-cm-long ileal intussusception with a preceding tumor was present, and partial resection of the ileum, including the tumor, was performed. Macroscopic examination of the excised specimen showed a pedunculated tumor measuring 4.0 × 3.5 × 1.9 cm with an uneven surface, yielding a histological diagnosis of lipoma. The patient had an uneventful recovery and was discharged on postoperative day 8. This successful case showed that laparoscopic surgery can be a useful, safe, and efficacious procedure for adult intussusception, even in octogenarians.
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