Article

Long-term outcomes of nonconditioned patients with severe combined immunodeficiency transplanted with HLA-identical or haploidentical bone marrow depleted of T cells with anti-CD6 mAb.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Allergy and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77039, USA.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology (Impact Factor: 12.05). 01/2009; 122(6):1185-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2008.10.030
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Between 1981 and 1995, 20 children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID; median age at transplant, 6.5 [range, 0.5-145] mo, 12 with serious infection) were treated with haploidentical T cell-depleted (anti-CD6 antibody) bone marrow (median number of 5.7 [0.8-18.8] x 10(8) nucleated cells/kg) from mismatched related donors (MMRDs), and 5 children with SCID (median age at transplant, 1.8 [0.5-5.0] mo, 1 with serious infection) were given unmanipulated bone marrow from matched related donors (MRDs). No conditioning or graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis was used.
To assess the outcomes of patients with SCID who received bone marrow from MMRDs or MRDs.
We reviewed the medical records of these 25 consecutive patients with SCID (4 with Omenn syndrome).
Of the 20 patients who received bone marrow from MMRDs, 12 engrafted, 10 survived at a median age of 15.2 [10.0-19.1] years, 4 had chronic GvHD (lung, intestine, skin), 5 required intravenous immunoglobulin, and 8 attended school or college. Two of 5 patients who died had chronic GvHD, and 2 developed lymphoproliferative disease. Of the 5 patients who received bone marrow from MRDs, 5 engrafted, 5 survived at a median age of 23.3 [18.5-26] years, 1 had chronic GvHD (lung, skin), 2 required intravenous immunoglobulin, and 4 attended school or college.
Treatment of critically ill patients with SCID with anti-CD6 antibody T cell-depleted MMRD marrow resulted in an overall 50% long-term survival of patients (83% survival of those engrafted). The principal barriers to long-term survival were delay in diagnosis, life-threatening infection, failure to engraft, and chronic GvHD. Educational goals were achieved in most of the survivors.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
35 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this review we discuss recent outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), including survival, T- and B-cell reconstitution, and late effects, particularly those related to genotype, use of conditioning regimen, and use of alternative donors. We identify the following issues that require additional data, which can be obtained through cooperative studies: outcomes of patients with SCID who did not receive conditioning before alternative donor HCT; outcomes of patients with SCID who did not receive graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis after T cell-replete HCT; late effects of HCT for patients with SCID, including neurocognitive outcomes, growth, and development; and their relationship to genotype and use of alkylating agents for conditioning. Careful follow-up of outcomes of all newborns receiving diagnoses based on newborn screening programs for SCID is essential because data are scarce on the effects of conditioning regimens in very young patients. A consensus on the definition of T- and B-cell recovery, criteria for additional "boosts," pharmacokinetic data of chemotherapy agents used in young children, and uniformity of the use of various chemotherapy agents are needed to compare results among institutions. Finally, development of new nontoxic conditioning regimens for HCT that can be safely used in very young children is required.
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 05/2013; 131(5):1306-11. · 12.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CD6 is a cell surface receptor expressed on the majority of T cells and a subset of B cells. When expressed, CD6 contributes to lymphocyte activation through its extracellular domain 1, while adhesion and cellular migration are related to the extracellular scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domain (SRCR-D)-3 of CD6. Itolizumab, clone T1h, is a newly developed humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody that targets CD6 SRCR-D1 and blocks immune activation. Itolizumab has been proposed to be effective in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome and multiple sclerosis. In Sjögren's syndrome, the utilization of itolizumab as therapeutic option is reinforced by our recent observation that ALCAM, the CD6 ligand, is overexpressed and that CD6-positive T and B cells are detected within salivary glands from Sjögren's syndrome patients. In this study, itolizumab-positive target cells were characterized within both peripheral blood and salivary glands in order to provide rational for anti-CD6 treatment in Sjögren's syndrome.
    Immunologic Research 04/2013; · 2.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The treatment outcome of children with refractory acute leukaemia or relapse post-stem cell transplantation is dismal. We report 10 children (non-remission n = 7) who underwent a new haploidentical transplant approach utilizing unmanipulated bone marrow followed by CD6-depleted peripheral blood stem cells. Nine patients had successful engraftment and no evidence of leukaemia. Acute and chronic graft-versus-host-disease was observed in five and three patients, respectively; two patients died of treatment-related toxicity. Seven patients relapsed after 7 (range 3-34) months, however two patients are alive at 6·5 and 7·0 years. This approach provides anti-leukaemic activity even in heavily pre-treated children but long-term disease control requires further intervention.
    British Journal of Haematology 07/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor