Prevalence of diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and its correlates among police personnel in Bankura District of West Bengal.
ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study was conducted among police personnel (N = 1817) in Bankura District, West Bengal, India to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and its correlates during July-November, 2011. Participants were enquired about their age, gender, physical activity, and predominant occupational activity. Diagnosis of DM, IFG, and IGT was based on a history, fasting, and 2-h post-load blood glucose estimation as per World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Body mass index, waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure (BP) were estimated. Out of 1817 subjects, DM was found in 15%, 1.1% had IFG and 5.7% had IGT. Age >50 years, family history of diabetes, hypertension, and abdominal obesity were found to be significantly associated with DM and IGT, whereas IFG was significantly associated with the family history of diabetes and hypertension. High prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetic condition warrants early effective intervention to keep the police force healthy and agile.
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ABSTRACT: Background Various studies conducted across the country have shown a high prevalence of known risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (like mean body mass index (BMI), systolic BP and raised cholesterol levels) but no exhaustive data is available pertaining to armed forces personnel. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of raised BMI, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar among serving armed forces personnel ≥35 yrs of age. Methods The study was carried out between Jan 2013–Jun 2013. The study included all individuals ≥35 yrs of age deployed/posted in specific districts of northern part of the country (N = 5143) instead of a limited sample size. Results In this study, obesity was observed in 3.42% (95% CI: 2.96%–3.95%), raised BP in 14.07% (95% CI: 13.15%–15.05%) and raised blood sugar levels in 1.71% (95% CI: 1.39%–2.10%). Additionally, 67.72% (95% CI: 66.43%–68.99%) were pre-obese and 82.65% (95% CI: 81.60%–83.67%) were pre-hypertensives. Conclusion Lower prevalence of hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia was observed in armed forces personnel in comparison to country specific data. However, high prevalence of pre-obese and pre-hypertension suggests a need for concerted efforts towards preventive activities in this field.Medical Journal Armed Forces India 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.mjafi.2014.07.007
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ABSTRACT: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for two-thirds of all deaths globally. Physiotherapists have the requisite expertise to initiate and lead NCD risk factor screening and prevention programs. The workplace can provide an ideal setting for physiotherapists to screen for risk factors and implement prevention programs. This study was designed to identify the common modifiable non-communicable disease risk factors among employees of a healthcare institution. A cross-sectional study of non-communicable disease risk factors was conducted in a large healthcare teaching institution. Employees from four of the seven constituent institutes of the healthcare institution were evaluated using WHO STEPS Instrument (Step I and II). Data were analysed using SPSS v.15. Continuous variables were expressed in mean±SD. The categorical variables and prevalence of risk factors were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Two hundred forty seven employees (response rate 68.2%) participated in the study. Poor dietary habits, sub-optimal blood pressure and physical inactivity were identified as the most common modifiable NCD risk factor in this population. Knowledge of NCD risk factors can be used by physiotherapists to inform health promotion programs in the workplace as a means of reducing NCD related economic and social burdens in India.Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal 06/2015; 33(1):3-9.