Comparative SWOT analysis of strategic environmental assessment systems in the Middle East and North Africa region
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, American University of Beirut, Bliss Str., PO Box 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address: .Journal of Environmental Management (Impact Factor: 2.72). 05/2013; 125C:85-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.03.053
This paper presents a SWOT analysis of SEA systems in the Middle East North Africa region through a comparative examination of the status, application and structure of existing systems based on country-specific legal, institutional and procedural frameworks. The analysis is coupled with the multi-attribute decision making method (MADM) within an analytical framework that involves both performance analysis based on predefined evaluation criteria and countries' self-assessment of their SEA system through open-ended surveys. The results show heterogenous status with a general delayed progress characterized by varied levels of weaknesses embedded in the legal and administrative frameworks and poor integration with the decision making process. Capitalizing on available opportunities, the paper highlights measures to enhance the development and enactment of SEA in the region.
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- "The SWOT analysis was applied widely to business and market analysis, and recently has been applied to energy and environmental studies (Paliwal, 2006; Rachid and Fadel, 2013; Chen et al., 2014). In the field of MSW and construction waste management, SWOT analysis has been applied to formulate practicable strategies for multi-stakeholders (Srivastava et al., 2005; Liu and Matsumoto, 2009; Yuan, 2013). "
ABSTRACT: As a comparatively low-cost technology for waste treatment and disposal, landfilling has been adopted worldwide, particularly in developing countries. After one landfill is fully filled, the aftercare management turns into an important issue for municipalities, while the deposited waste is highly complex and condensed. Recent literature has indicated that landfill management plays an important role on critical issues of contemporary solid waste management, including biodiversity preservation, global warming mitigation, landfill mining and land reclamation. This study firstly made a comprehensive literature review on the existing studies in several Asia-Pacific economies, secondly conducted field surveys for the several illustrations of the aftercare management of closed landfills in Japan and Taiwan. Afterward, the findings from the literature and illustrations from the Asia-Pacific region were qualitatively summarized. Based on the results, concrete management strategies were discussed for the aftercare management of closed landfills in the context of land reclamation from important perspectives. For promoting the closed landfill management and seeking for adequate reclamation methods, the ex-post monitoring, impact assessments, and the essential cost-benefit analysis should be implemented with regard to respective reclamation type and local conditions. Using the outcomes of this study, municipalities can formulate concrete strategies to mitigate the risks and negative impacts, and to increase the benefits of landfills from a life-cycle perspective, considering the multi-stakeholders.Journal of Cleaner Production 05/2015; 104. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.05.014 · 3.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper examines the policy trends of electronic waste (e-waste) management in Asia. E-waste is a rapidly growing waste stream in the world today and is estimated to be growing at 3-5 % per annum. Fast paced obsolescence in the electronic sector has resulted in the generation of e-waste. There are concerns that e-waste generated in developed countries is ending up in developing countries especially in Asia resulting in adverse environmental and health impacts. Consequently, a number of countries in Asia are developing policy instruments to ensure the proper management of e-waste. These include e-waste regulatory frameworks, data and inventories, and infrastructure and capacity building. These trends indicate a positive development path towards sustainable e-waste management in Asia. Nevertheless, potential limiting obstacles for e-waste management in Asia may also include an over-reliance on legislation to drive e-waste management or the simplistic adoption of policies from developed countries without taking into context the local political, cultural and socio-economic waste management issues. Consequently, this paper suggest that e-waste policy development may require a more customized approach where, instead of addressing e-waste in isolation, it should be addressed as part of the national development agenda that integrates green economy assessment and strategic environmental assessment as part of national policy planning. In conclusion, policy trends of e-waste management in Asia appear promising provided there is a paradigm shift from an e-waste perception of an environment problem to a e-waste perception of a potential opportunity as sustainable national green growth strategy in Asia. © 2013 Springer Japan.Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 10/2013; 15(4):1-9. DOI:10.1007/s10163-013-0136-7 · 0.95 Impact Factor
- Biodiversity - The Dynamic Balance of the Planet, Edited by Oscar Grillo, 05/2014: chapter Marine Ecosystem Diversity in the Arabian Gulf: Threats and Conservation: pages 297-328; InTech.
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