Bipolar affective disorder and psychoeducation
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Bipolar affective disorder runs a natural course of frequent relapses and recurrences. Despite significant strides in the pharmacological treatment of bipolar disorder, most bipolar patients cannot be treated only by drugs. The limitations of using medication alone in symptomatic, relapse prevention, and satisfaction/quality of life terms have long prompted interest in wider forms of management. One of the promising way how to enhance remission seems to be combination of pharmacotherapy and psychoeducation. METHODS: Studies were identified through PUBMED, Web of Science and Scopus databases as well as existing reviews. The search terms included "bipolar disorder", "psychoeducation", "psychotherapy", "psychosocial treatment", "family therapy", "individual therapy", "group therapy", and "psychoeducation". The search was performed by repeated use of the words in different combinations with no language or time limitations. This article is a review with conclusions concerned with psychoeducation in bipolar disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Randomized controlled trials of cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, individual, group and family psychoeducation show that these approaches augment stabilizing effect of pharmacotherapy. Patients and their families should be educated about bipolar disorder, triggers, warning signs, mood relapse, suicidal ideation, and the effectiveness of early intervention to reduce complications. Psychosocial approaches are important therapeutic strategies for reducing relapse and rehospitalization in bipolar disorder.
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ABSTRACT: There is growing evidence that patients with bipolar affective disorder (BAD), who use medication, respond well to further psychotherapeutic interventions. Internet-based psychoeducation is typically centered on the interaction between a client and therapist via the Internet. Multiple methods were required to investigate existing psychoeducational and psychotherapeutic strategies used on patients suffering from BAD. Systematic reviews and original reports of all trials of psychoeducation in BAD patients were retrieved. Patients with BAD, who were hospitalized in a psychiatric department or attended a day hospital program, were exposed to the first version of the program during the treatment, and then questioned about understandability, comprehensibility, and usefulness of each lecture. Twelve modules of the Internet E-Program for BAD were developed and the intervention was a pilot tested with twelve patients. Internet psychoeducation program for BAD is an intervention designed for universal implementation that addresses heightened learning needs of patients suffering from BAD. It is designed to promote confidence and reduce the number of episodes of the disorder by providing skills in monitoring warning signs, planning daily activities and practicing communication skills.Psychiatric Quarterly 12/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11126-013-9286-y · 1.26 Impact Factor
- 04/2014; 6(4):438-446. DOI:10.5455/cap.20140115123942
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ABSTRACT: This study assessed the efficacy of the Falloon model of psychoeducational family intervention (PFI), originally developed for schizophrenia management and adapted to bipolar I disorder. The efficacy of the intervention was evaluated in terms of improvement of patients׳ social functioning and reduction of family burden.Methods This was a multicentre, real-world, controlled, outpatient trial carried out in 11 randomly recruited Italian mental health centres. Enroled patients and key-relatives were consecutively allocated either to receive PFI and Treatment As Usual (TAU) or to a waiting list receiving TAU alone. The efficacy of the intervention was evaluated in terms of improvement in patients׳ social functioning (primary outcome) and reduction of family burden (secondary outcome).ResultsOf the 137 recruited families, 70 were allocated to the experimental group and 67 to the control group. At the end of the intervention, significant improvements in patients׳ social functioning and in relatives׳ burden were found in the treated group compared to TAU. This effect of the intervention remained also after controlling for several confounding patient׳s socio-demographic and clinical factors. The experimental intervention had an impact also on other outcome measures, such as patients׳ clinical status and personal burden.LimitationsLack of an active control group.Conclusions The results of this study clearly show that the psychoeducational family intervention according to the Falloon model is effective in improving the social outcome of patients with bipolar I disorder.Journal of Affective Disorders 02/2015; 172:291-299. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2014.10.021 · 3.71 Impact Factor