Association between insulin secretion, insulin sensitivity and type 2 diabetes susceptibility variants identified in genome-wide association studies.
ABSTRACT Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk have been identified by genome wide association studies (GWAS). The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of these SNPs on T2DM intermediate phenotypes in order to clarify the physiological mechanisms through which they exert their effects on disease etiology. We analysed 23 SNPs in 9 T2DM genes (CDKAL1, CDKN2B, HHEX/IDE, IGF2BP2, KCNJ11, SLC30A8, TCF2, TCF7L2 and WFS1) in a maximum of 712 men and women from the Quebec Family Study. The participants underwent a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and were measured for glucose, insulin and C-peptide levels. Indices of insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion were derived from fasting and OGTT measurements. We confirmed the significant associations of variants in CDKAL1, CDKN2B, HHEX/IDE, KCNJ11 and TCF7L2 with insulin secretion and also found associations of some of these variants with insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. IGF2BP2 and SLC30A8 SNPs were not associated with insulin secretion but were with insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance (0.002 <or= P <or= 0.02). To examine the joint effects of these variants and their contribution to T2DM endophenotypes variance, stepwise regression models were used and the model R (2) was computed. The variance in the phenotypes explained by combinations of variants ranged from 2.0 to 8.5%. Diabetes-associated variants in CDKAL1, CDKN2B, HHEX/IDE, IGF2BP2, KCNJ11, SLC30A8 and TCF7L2 are associated with physiological alterations leading to T2DM, such as glucose intolerance, impaired insulin secretion or insulin resistance, supporting their role in the disease aetiology. These variants were found to account for 2.0-8.5% of the variance of T2DM-related traits.
- SourceAvailable from: Hicham Charoute[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Associations with type 2 diabetes mellitus have been identified for variants CDKAL1 rs7756992, KCNJ11 rs5219, and IGF2BP2 rs4402960 in different populations. In a case-control study of 250 unrelated Moroccan diabetic patients and 250 healthy controls, we used TaqMan allelic discrimination assays to genotype the three SNPs and meta-analysis to investigate the association between the polymorphisms and diabetes in Arab populations. The results showed a significant diabetes association only with the variant rs4402960 of the IGF2BP2 gene under additive 2 (GG vs. TT; p = 0.009) and recessive (TT vs. GG+GT; p = 0.003) models. Meta-analysis indicated significant association between the IGF2BP2 rs4402960 and CDKAL1 rs7756992 polymorphisms and increased risk of diabetes in Arab populations. According to our results, the case-control study and meta-analysis revealed a significant association between the IGF2BP2 rs4402960 variant and type 2 diabetes in Moroccan and Arab populations.Biochemical Genetics 06/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10528-014-9658-5 · 0.82 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies of type 2 diabetes (T2D) have implicated IGF2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IMP2/IGF2BP2) as one of the several factors in the etiology of late onset diabetes. IMP2 belongs to a family of oncofetal mRNA-binding proteins implicated in RNA localization, stability, and translation that are essential for normal embryonic growth and development. This review provides a background to the IMP protein family with an emphasis on human IMP2, followed by a closer look at the GWA studies to evaluate the significance, if any, of the proposed correlation between IMP2 and T2D.Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 06/2009; 43(5):187-95. DOI:10.1677/JME-09-0016 · 3.62 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Genetic variations in the cdk5 regulator associated protein 1-like 1 (cdkal1) gene have been identified in whole-genome association studies as a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). A recent study showed that Cdkal1 was a mammalian methythiotransferase, which specifically synthesizes 2-methylthio-N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine (ms2t6A) at position 37 of tRNAlys(UUU). The ms2t6A modification in tRNAlys(UUU) was important for the accurate decoding of its cognate codon. In pancreatic, β-cell-specific, Cdkal1 knockout (Cdkal1 KO) mice, a deficiency of ms2t6A caused the mistranslation of a Lys codon in proinsulin, resulting in improper processing. The mice showed a decrease in insulin secretion and glucose intolerance. In addition, the mistranslation contributed to the expression of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response in Cdkal1-deficient β-cells. Furthermore, Cdkal1 KO mice were hypersensitive to high-fat diet-induced glucose intolerance, as well as the ER stress response. These findings might potentially explain the molecular pathogenesis of T2D in patients carrying Cdkal1 variations.Islets 01/2012; 4(1). DOI:10.4161/isl.18262 · 1.59 Impact Factor