Article

Infecciones del Sitio Quirúrgico

Medicina Hospitalaria 05/2013; 1(2):27-30.

ABSTRACT apo.i.viii@gmail.com Med Hosp 2013;1(2):27-30. Resumen Entre las complicaciones más frecuentes después de una cirugía figuran las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico. Las consecuencias directas de estas infecciones son de una gran relevancia, ya que se asocian a un aumento en los gastos hospitalarios y la morbi-mortalidad. La prevención y el tratamiento de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico es un tema de enorme interés desde el punto vista clínico, epidemiológico y económico en todos los centros hospitalarios. El propósito de esta revisión es dar recomendaciones de prevención de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico. Palabras clave: infección, riesgo, manejo, prevención, sitio quirúrgico. Introducción Los procedimientos quirúrgicos son parte fundamental del cuidado médico hospitalario. Se estima se realizan más de 234 millones de cirugías al año en todo el mundo. 1 Las cirugías pueden salvar vidas, sin embargo se asocian a un riesgo considerable de complicaciones e incluso de muerte. Entre las complicaciones más frecuentes después de una cirugía, figuran las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico (ISQ). Las consecuencias directas de las ISQ son de una gran relevancia, debido al aumento en los gastos hospitalarios y la morbi-mortalidad. La prevención y el tratamiento de estas infecciones son de interés para el cirujano, el consultor clínico; médico internista, infectologo y para el personal administrativo/directivo de los nosocomios.

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