MCR-ALS analysis of two-way UV resonance Raman spectra to resolve discrete protein secondary structural motifs.
ABSTRACT The ability of ultraviolet resonance Raman (UVRR) spectroscopy to monitor a host of structurally sensitive protein vibrational modes, the amide I, II, III and S regions, makes it a potentially powerful tool for the visualization of equilibrium and non-equilibrium secondary structure changes in even the most difficult peptide samples. However, it is difficult to unambiguously resolve discrete secondary structure-derived UVRR spectral signatures independently of one another as each contributes an unknown profile to each of the spectrally congested vibrational modes. This limitation is compounded by the presence of aromatic side chains, which introduce additional overlapping vibrational modes. To address this, we have exploited an often overlooked tool for alleviating this spectral overlap by utilizing the differential excitability of the vibrational modes associated with alpha-helices and coil moieties, in the deep UV. The differences in the resonance enhancements of the various structurally associated vibrational modes yields an added dimensionality in the spectral data sets making them multi-way in nature. Through a 'chemically relevant' shape-constrained multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) analysis, we were able to deconvolute the complex amide regions in the multi-excitation UVRR spectrum of the protein myoglobin, giving us potentially useful 'pure' secondary structure-derived contributions to these individual vibrational profiles.
- SourceAvailable from: Sanford A Asher[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: UV resonance Raman (UVRR) excitation profiles and Raman depolarization ratios were measured for a 21-residue predominantly alanine peptide, AAAAA(AAARA) 3A (AP), excited between 194 and 218 nm. Excitation within the pi-->pi* electronic transitions of the amide group results in UVRR spectra dominated by amide vibrations. The Raman cross sections and excitation profiles provide information about the nature of the electronic transitions of the alpha-helix and polyproline II (PPII)-like peptide conformations. AP is known to be predominantly alpha-helical at low temperatures and to take on a PPII helix-like conformation at high temperatures. The PPII-like and alpha-helix conformations show distinctly different Raman excitation profiles. The PPII-like conformation cross sections are approximately twice those of the alpha-helix. This is due to hypochromism that results from excitonic interactions between the NV 1 transition of one amide group with higher energy electronic transitions of other amide groups, which decreases the alpha-helical NV 1 (pi-->pi*) oscillator strengths. Excitation profiles of the alpha-helix and PPII-like conformations indicate that the highest signal-to-noise Raman spectra of alpha-helix and PPII-like conformations are obtained at excitation wavelengths of 194 and 198 nm, respectively. We also see evidence of at least two electronic transitions underlying the Raman excitation profiles of both the alpha-helical and the PPII-like conformations. In addition to the well-known approximately 190 nm pi-->pi* transitions, the Raman excitation profiles and Raman depolarization ratio measurements show features between 205-207 nm, which in the alpha-helix likely results from the parallel excitonic component. The PPII-like helix appears to also undergo excitonic splitting of its pi-->pi* transition which leads to a 207 nm feature.The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 08/2008; 112(37):11762-9. · 3.61 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A general procedure for the study of conformational transitions of polynucleotides is described. The equilibria between different conformations induced by salt, ethidium bromide, and temperature of poly(dG-dC). poly(dG-dC) and induced by salt and temperature of poly(A). poly(U) are investigated using molecular absorption, circular dichroism, and fluorescence spectroscopies. Spectral data obtained from experiments are analyzed by means of a factor analysis method, namely, multivariate curve resolution, which allows possible intermediate states to be detected and the pure spectra and the concentration profiles of all species present in the system to be estimated. This work shows the application of this procedure for the analysis of data matrices obtained in individual experiments but also for the analysis of several data matrices simultaneously.Analytical Biochemistry 05/2001; 291(1):1-10. · 2.58 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The performance characteristics of a kilohertz solid-state laser source for ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy are described. Deep ultraviolet (UV) excitation in the 193-210 nm region is provided by mixing of the fundamental and third harmonics of a Ti-sapphire laser, which is pumped by the second harmonic of a Q-Switched Nd-YLF laser. The combination of tunability, narrow linewidth, high average power, good stability, and kilohertz repetition rate makes this laser suitable for deep UV resonance Raman applications. The short pulse duration (approximately 20 ns) permits nanosecond time resolution in pump-probe applications. The low peak power and high data rate provide artifact-free spectra with a high signal-to-noise ratio. UV Raman cross-section and Raman excitation profiles are reported for gaseous O2 (relative to N), aqueous ClO4-, tyrosine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, histidine, and hemoglobin excited between 193 nm and 210 nm to illustrate laser performance.Applied Spectroscopy 07/2005; 59(6):776-81. · 1.94 Impact Factor