Predictors of Time to Discharge in Patients Hospitalized for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Ishikawa Prefectural Takamatsu Hospital, Kahoku City, Japan.
Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders extra 03/2013; 3(1):86-95. DOI: 10.1159/000350028
Source: PubMed


BACKGROUNDAIMS: In Japan, more than 50,000 patients with dementia are housed in psychiatric facilities, a trend precipitated by prolonged hospitalizations. This study aimed to determine predictors for the time to discharge in patients hospitalized for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD).
Medical charts of patients admitted to an acute psychogeriatric ward for treatment of BPSD were reviewed. Cox's proportional hazards model was used to evaluate relationships between active behavioral problems and/or demographics at the time of admission, and the time until favorable discharge (FD), defined as discharge to the patient's own home or a care facility.
For the 402 study patients included in this study, median time to FD was 101 days. In addition to family and residential factors, multivariate analysis identified higher Mini-Mental State Examination scores as independent clinical predictors for a shorter hospital stay, whereas male gender and combative behavior as the primary reason for hospital admission were predictors for a longer hospital stay.
Clinical characteristics can be predictive of the time to discharge for patients with BPSD. Earlier interventions and enhanced care strategies may be needed for patients with a lower likelihood of FD.

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Available from: Shoryoku Hino, Apr 16, 2015
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