Psychometric Evaluation of the Family-Centered Care Scale for Pediatric Acute Care Nursing
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND:: Caring for families is fundamental to pediatric nursing. However, existing measures do not capture parents' experiences with family-centered nursing care. OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to describe the development and initial psychometric testing of the Family-Centered Care Scale, a seven-item instrument designed to measure a parent's experience of nursing care that embodies core principles of family-centered care. METHODS:: In Phase 1, 18 items describing what nurses do to engage parents of hospitalized children were derived from the literature describing mutuality. After establishing face validity, pretesting, and revision for clarity, the scale was administered to a convenience sample of 91 parents of hospitalized patients. In Phase 2, two items on parents' perceptions of being well-cared-for were added. The 20-item scale was administered to 564 parents of children recruited from all inpatient units in a children's hospital. In Phase 3, the scale was shortened to seven items and retested for validity among 454 additional parents. RESULTS:: Internal consistency reliability was high across all versions and testing phases. Confirmatory factor analysis with data from a subsequent sample supported the final factor structure, regardless of patient type and race. There was a linear association between the scale consistency scores and overall quality of care ratings, supporting predictive validity of the scale. DISCUSSION:: The Family-Centered Care Scale showed initial evidence of reliability and validity among parents with hospitalized children.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to create a psychometrically sound measure of family-centered care, the Family-Centered Care Assessment (FCCA), developed through a process led by families in collaboration with maternal and child health leaders. The items for the FCCA scale were initially developed by families of children and youth with special needs in partnership with pediatric providers and researchers. Using an Institutional Review Board-approved research protocol, the questions were revised based on input from focus groups of diverse parents in three states. Parental responses (N = 790) to the revised 59-item survey were collected online from families in 49 states. Item distributions uniformly showed excellent spread. A principal axes factor analysis confirmed the existence of a single factor. Rasch modeling item analyses identified a reduced subset of 24 items that demonstrated excellent psychometric properties. All items met the criteria for a linear Rasch scale. Empirical evidence in support of the construct validity of the 24-item measure was derived: all items had a positive and substantial item-total correlation; person alpha scale reliability was >0.80 and the item reliability was >0.90; both separation indices were >2.0; infit and outfit statistics were within 0.5-1.5; and item difficulties ranged between -2 and +2 logits. Strong rank-ordered associations and large effect sizes were observed for six indicators of quality of care. This study's family-led process produced a tool, the FCCA, to measure families' experience of care with excellent psychometric properties.Maternal and Child Health Journal 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10995-015-1709-y · 2.24 Impact Factor