Multifocal VZV vasculopathy with temporal artery infection mimics giant cell arteritis

From the Departments of Neurology (M.A.N., J.L.B., N.K., A.C., A.R., D.G.), Microbiology (D.G.), Ophthalmology (J.L.B.), and Pathology (P.J.B.), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 05/2013; 80(22). DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318294b477
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To address the incidence of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in patients with biopsy-negative giant cell arteritis (GCA), we examined archived biopsy-negative temporal arteries from subjects with clinically suspected GCA for the presence of VZV antigen. METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded temporal arteries that were pathologically negative for GCA and normal temporal arteries were analyzed immunohistochemically for VZV and herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) antigen. RESULTS: Five (21%) of 24 temporal arteries from patients who were clinically suspect but biopsy negative for GCA revealed VZV but not HSV-1 by immunohistochemical analysis. Thirteen normal temporal arteries did not contain VZV or HSV-1 antigen. All 5 subjects whose temporal arteries contained VZV antigen presented with clinical and laboratory features of GCA and early visual disturbances. CONCLUSION: Multifocal VZV vasculopathy can present with the full spectrum of clinical features and laboratory abnormalities characteristically seen in GCA.

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Available from: April Rempel, May 06, 2015
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