Assessment of Psychiatric Symptoms at a Level I Trauma Center Surgery Follow-up Clinic: A Preliminary Report.
Department of Psychiatry, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The American surgeon
(Impact Factor: 0.82).
At Level I trauma centers, psychiatric consultation is readily available to inpatient surgical services. This study sought to characterize the psychiatric symptoms present in the surgical follow-up clinic. Patients aged 18 years and older were assessed over one month for symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with the Short PTSD Rating Interview (SPRINT), depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), alcohol abuse with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), and the presence of violence using the MacArthur Community Violence Instrument (MCVIa [victimization] MCVIb [perpetration]). Twenty-five individuals participated. Using the SPRINT, 13 (52.0%) met the cutoff for PTSD. For PHQ-9 depression, 11 (44%) were in the moderate to severe range. For AUDIT, five (20.0%) likely had an alcohol problem. Using the MCVI, 15 (60.0%) reported victimization and 12 (48.0%) reported perpetration. Elevated levels of psychiatric symptoms were found in the trauma surgery follow-up clinic. Psychiatric care embedded in this setting may be warranted.
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