At Level I trauma centers, psychiatric consultation is readily available to inpatient surgical services. This study sought to characterize the psychiatric symptoms present in the surgical follow-up clinic. Patients aged 18 years and older were assessed over one month for symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with the Short PTSD Rating Interview (SPRINT), depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), alcohol abuse with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), and the presence of violence using the MacArthur Community Violence Instrument (MCVIa [victimization] MCVIb [perpetration]). Twenty-five individuals participated. Using the SPRINT, 13 (52.0%) met the cutoff for PTSD. For PHQ-9 depression, 11 (44%) were in the moderate to severe range. For AUDIT, five (20.0%) likely had an alcohol problem. Using the MCVI, 15 (60.0%) reported victimization and 12 (48.0%) reported perpetration. Elevated levels of psychiatric symptoms were found in the trauma surgery follow-up clinic. Psychiatric care embedded in this setting may be warranted.
"Despite this, PTSD risk factors have been identified by several meta-analyses (Creamer, Bell, & Failla, 2003; Kessler et al., 1995; Ozer, Best, Lipsey, & Weiss, 2003). Importantly, however, there is a lack of research on PTSD symptom predictors conducted in Level I Trauma Centers (Conrad et al., 2013). Further research is needed to determine which factors are associated with PTSD symptomatology onset, maintenance, or recovery in this setting while using more advanced analytic strategies. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Trauma centers are an ideal point of intervention in efforts to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In order to assist in the development of prevention efforts, this study sought to identify early predictors of PTSD symptoms among adults admitted to a Level I trauma center using a novel analytic strategy (Fournier et al., 2009). Upon admission, participants (N=327) were screened for PTSD symptoms and provided information on potential predictor variables. Their PTSD symptoms were assessed again 3 months later (N=227). Participants were classified as symptomatic (positive PTSD screen) or asymptomatic (negative PTSD screen) at the follow-up assessment. Multinomial logistic regression showed that age, depression, number of premorbid psychiatric disorders, gunshot wound, auto vs. pedestrian injury, and alcohol use predicted who had PTSD symptoms at FU with 76.3% accuracy. However, when controlling for PTSD severity at baseline, only age, number of premorbid psychiatric disorders, and gunshot wounds predicted PTSD symptoms at FU but with 78.5% accuracy. These findings suggest that psychological prevention efforts in trauma centers may be best directed toward adults who are young, have premorbid psychiatric disorders, and those admitted with gunshot wounds.
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