Article

Neoplastic-like transformation effect of single-walled and multi-walled-carbon nanotubes compared to asbestos on human lung small airway epithelial cells.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, Virginia, United States, 26505.
Nanotoxicology (Impact Factor: 7.34). 05/2013; DOI: 10.3109/17435390.2013.801089
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract Accumulating evidence indicates that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are biopersistent and can cause lung damage. With similar fibrous morphology and mode of exposure to asbestos, a known human carcinogen, growing concern has arisen for elevated risk of CNT-induced lung carcinogenesis; however, relatively little is known about the long-term carcinogenic effect of CNT. Neoplastic transformation is a key early event leading to carcinogenesis. We studied the ability of single- and multi-walled CNTs to induce neoplastic transformation of human lung epithelial cells compared to asbestos. Long-term (6 month) exposure of the cells to occupationally relevant concentrations of CNT in culture caused a neoplastic-like transformation phenotype as demonstrated by increased cell proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, invasion and angiogenesis. Whole genome expression signature and protein expression analyses showed that single- and multi-walled CNTs shared similar signaling signatures which were distinct from asbestos. These results provide novel toxicogenomic information and suggest distinct particle-associated mechanisms of neoplasia promotion induced by CNTs and asbestos.

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