Article

Impactos ambientales del aprovechamiento forestal en Venezuela

Interciencia (Impact Factor: 0.28). 03/1998; 23(2):74-83.

ABSTRACT La legislación vigente en Venezuela indica que los Planes de Ordenación y Manejo Forestal (POM) ya incluyen en su metodología la Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental (EIA); sin embargo al aplicar una técnica específica de EIA se observan las siguientes deficiencias:
• Impactos no previstos como los cambios en el microclima por el efecto de claro, las pérdidas de macro y micronutrientes, la alteración de las micorrizas, el cambio de uso de los suelos, la afectación de animales polinizadores y vectores de semillas, los daños a las vías interurbanas, la afectación de zonas indígenas, los accidentes personales y la posible contaminación del agua por el mantenimiento de maquinaria y uso de campamentos.
• Impactos mal evaluados o con medidas de control mal diseñadas como la alteración de la composición florística, la erosión genética y degradación del valor económico del bosque, la muerte y desplazamiento de fauna, el deficiente nivel de vida de los trabajadores y las pérdidas de biodiversidad.
Se discute la influencia de algunos de estos impactos para alcanzar las metas del manejo forestal (rendimiento continuo) y se evidencia la necesidad de monitorear algunos indicadores que demuestren el logro del manejo sostenible.

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