Article

Analyzing the severity of accidents on the German Autobahn.

Department of Social and Economic Statistics, University of Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: .
Accident; analysis and prevention (Impact Factor: 1.65). 04/2013; 57C:40-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2013.03.022
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We study the severity of accidents on the German Autobahn in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia using data for the years 2009 until 2011. We use a multinomial logit model to identify statistically relevant factors explaining the severity of the most severe injury, which is classified into the four classes fatal, severe injury, light injury and property damage. Furthermore, to account for unobserved heterogeneity we use a random parameter model. We study the effect of a number of factors including traffic information, road conditions, type of accidents, speed limits, presence of intelligent traffic control systems, age and gender of the driver and location of the accident. Our findings are in line with studies in different settings and indicate that accidents during daylight and at interchanges or construction sites are less severe in general. Accidents caused by the collision with roadside objects, involving pedestrians and motorcycles, or caused by bad sight conditions tend to be more severe. We discuss the measures of the 2011 German traffic safety programm in the light of our results.

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