Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Derived Angiotensin II Formation During Angiotensin II-Induced Hypertension

Department of Physiology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, 1430 Tulane Ave, SL39, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.
Hypertension (Impact Factor: 6.48). 12/2008; 53(2):351-5. DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.124511
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The extent to which endogenous angiotensin (Ang) II formation is responsible for increasing kidney Ang II content and blood pressure during Ang II-induced hypertension is unknown. To address this, mice were treated with an Ang-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (ACEi) to block endogenous Ang II formation during chronic Ang II infusions. C57BL/6J male mice (8 to 12 weeks) were subjected to Ang II infusions (400 ng/kg per minute) with or without an ACEi (lisinopril, 100 mg/L in the drinking water) for 12 days. Blood pressure was monitored by tail-cuff method and telemetry. Ang II content was determined by radioimmunoanalysis. Ang II infusions increased 24-hour mean arterial pressure significantly (141.0+/-3.7 mm Hg) versus controls (110.0+/-1.0 mm Hg). ACEi prevented the increase in concentration in Ang II-infused mice (Ang II+ACEi; 114.0+/-7.4 mm Hg; P value not significant). Plasma Ang II content was significantly increased by Ang II (367+/-60 fmol/mL) versus controls (128+/-22 fmol/mL; P<0.05); plasma Ang II was not altered by ACEi alone (90+/-31) or in combination with Ang II infusions (76+/-27). Intrarenal Ang II content was significantly increased by Ang II (998+/-143 fmol/g) versus controls (524+/-60 fmol/g; P<0.05), and this was prevented by ACEi (Ang II+ACEi; 484+/-102 fmol/g; P value not significant). Thus, ACEi ameliorates the increases in blood pressure and intrarenal Ang II content caused by Ang II infusions, indicating that endogenous ACE-mediated Ang II formation plays a significant role in the increases of blood pressure and intrarenal Ang II during Ang II-induced hypertension.

Download full-text


Available from: Romer Gonzalez-Villalobos, Sep 25, 2015
22 Reads
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition (ACEi) ameliorates the development of hypertension and the intrarenal ANG II augmentation in ANG II-infused mice. To determine if these effects are associated with changes in the mouse intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, the expression of angiotensinogen (AGT), renin, ACE, angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) mRNA (by quanitative RT-PCR) and protein [by Western blot (WB) and/or immunohistochemistry (IHC)] were analyzed. C57BL/6J male mice (9-12 wk old) were distributed as controls (n = 10), ANG II infused (ANG II = 8, 400 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1) for 12 days), ACEi only (ACEi = 10, lisinopril, 100 mg/l), and ANG II infused + ACEi (ANG II + ACEi = 11). When compared with controls (1.00), AGT protein (by WB) was increased by ANG II (1.29 +/- 0.13, P < 0.05), and this was not prevented by ACEi (ACEi + ANG II, 1.31 +/- 0.14, P < 0.05). ACE protein (by WB) was increased by ANG II (1.21 +/- 0.08, P < 0.05), and it was reduced by ACEi alone (0.88 +/- 0.07, P < 0.05) or in combination with ANG II (0.80 +/- 0.07, P < 0.05). AT(1)R protein (by WB) was increased by ANG II (1.27 +/- 0.06, P < 0.05) and ACEi (1.17 +/- 0.06, P < 0.05) but not ANG II + ACEi [1.15 +/- 0.06, not significant (NS)]. Tubular renin protein (semiquantified by IHC) was increased by ANG II (1.49 +/- 0.23, P < 0.05) and ACEi (1.57 +/- 0.15, P < 0.05), but not ANG II + ACEi (1.10 +/- 0.15, NS). No significant changes were observed in AGT, ACE, or AT(1)R mRNA. In summary, reduced responses of intrarenal tubular renin, ACE, and the AT(1)R protein to the stimulatory effects of chronic ANG II infusions, in the presence of ACEi, are associated with the effects of this treatment to ameliorate augmentations in blood pressure and intrarenal ANG II content during ANG II-induced hypertension.
    AJP Renal Physiology 10/2009; 298(1):F150-7. DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.00477.2009 · 3.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effects of salt restriction and of increasing dietary salt loading on blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin system in transgenic rats with inducible hypertension. Hypertension was induced in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 rats through dietary administration of the natural xenobiotic indole-3-carbinol (0.3%), which activates the renin gene. Rats were fed either a normal-salt diet (0.6% NaCl), three different high-salt diets (2, 4 and 8% NaCl) or a low-salt diet (<0.04% NaCl). Blood pressure was monitored by radiotelemetry. Angiotensin II (ANG II) levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. Induction of the renin gene by administration of indole-3-carbinol resulted in normal-salt diet fed animals in the development of severe hypertension that was accompanied by marked increases in plasma and kidney ANG II levels. Feeding the low-salt diet substantially attenuated the development of hypertension. Treatment with the 2 and 4% high-salt diet did not worsen the course of hypertension and did not alter ANG II levels when compared with rats on the normal salt diet. Feeding the 8% high-salt diet exacerbated the course of hypertension and was associated with further strong increases in plasma and kidney ANG II levels. Our results demonstrate that after induction of the renin gene in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats inappropriate increases in plasma and kidney ANG II levels in response to very high dietary salt intake are responsible for the development of severe hypertension in this model of inducible renin transgenic rats.
    Journal of Hypertension 11/2009; 28(3):495-509. DOI:10.1097/HJH.0b013e3283345d69 · 4.72 Impact Factor
Show more