Notch inhibits expression of the Krüppel-like factor 4 tumor suppressor in the intestinal epithelium.
ABSTRACT The zinc finger-containing transcription factor, Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), inhibits cell proliferation. An in vivo tumor-suppressive role for KLF4 is shown by the recent finding that Klf4 haploinsufficiency in Apc(Min/+) mice promotes intestinal tumorigenesis. Studies also show that KLF4 is required for the terminal differentiation of goblet cells in the mouse intestine. The Notch signaling pathway suppresses goblet cell formation and is up-regulated in intestinal tumors. Here, we investigated the relationship between Notch signaling and KLF4 expression in intestinal epithelial cells. The rate of proliferation of HT29 human colon cancer cells was reduced when treated with the gamma-secretase inhibitor dibenzazepine to inhibit Notch signaling or small interfering RNA directed against Notch. KLF4 levels were increased in dibenzazepine-treated or Notch small interfering RNA-treated cells. Conversely, overexpression of Notch in HT29 cells reduced KLF4 levels, suppressed KLF4 promoter activity, and increased proliferation rate. Treatment of Apc(Min/+) mice with dibenzazepine resulted in a 50% reduction in the number of intestinal adenomas compared with the vehicle-treated group (P < 0.001). Both the normal-appearing intestinal mucosa and adenomas obtained from dibenzazepine-treated Apc(Min/+) mice had increased goblet cell numbers and Klf4 staining accompanied by reduced cyclin D1 and Ki-67 staining when compared with those from vehicle-treated mice. Results of these studies indicate that Notch signaling suppresses KLF4 expression in intestinal tumors and colorectal cancer cells. Inhibition of Notch signaling increases KLF4 expression and goblet cell differentiation and reduces proliferation and tumor formation. KLF4 is therefore a potential mediator for the antitumor effect of Notch inhibitors such as dibenzazepine.
Article: Chronic treatment with the gamma-secretase inhibitor LY-411,575 inhibits beta-amyloid peptide production and alters lymphopoiesis and intestinal cell differentiation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Inhibition of gamma-secretase, one of the enzymes responsible for the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) to produce the pathogenic beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides, is an attractive approach to the treatment of Alzheimer disease. In addition to APP, however, several other gamma-secretase substrates have been identified (e.g. Notch), and altered processing of these substrates by gamma-secretase inhibitors could lead to unintended biological consequences. To study the in vivo consequences of gamma-secretase inhibition, the gamma-secretase inhibitor LY-411,575 was administered to C57BL/6 and TgCRND8 APP transgenic mice for 15 days. Although most tissues were unaffected, doses of LY-411,575 that inhibited Abeta production had marked effects on lymphocyte development and on the intestine. LY-411,575 decreased overall thymic cellularity and impaired intrathymic differentiation at the CD4(-)CD8(-)CD44(+)CD25(+) precursor stage. No effects on peripheral T cell populations were noted following LY-411,575 treatment, but evidence for the altered maturation of peripheral B cells was observed. In the intestine, LY-411,575 treatment increased goblet cell number and drastically altered tissue morphology. These effects of LY-411,575 were not seen in mice that were administered LY-D, a diastereoisomer of LY-411,575, which is a very weak gamma-secretase inhibitor. These studies show that inhibition of gamma-secretase has the expected benefit of reducing Abeta in a murine model of Alzheimer disease but has potentially undesirable biological effects as well, most likely because of the inhibition of Notch processing.Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2004; 279(13):12876-82. · 4.77 Impact Factor
Article: Novel cross talk of Kruppel-like factor 4 and beta-catenin regulates normal intestinal homeostasis and tumor repression.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Epithelial cells of the intestinal mucosa undergo a continual process of proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis which is regulated by multiple signaling pathways. The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays a critical role in this process. Mutations in the Wnt pathway, however, are associated with colorectal cancers. Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is an epithelial transcriptional factor that is down-regulated in many colorectal cancers. Here, we show that KLF4 interacts with beta-catenin and represses beta-catenin-mediated gene expression. Moreover, KLF4 inhibits the axis formation of Xenopus embryos and inhibits xenograft tumor growth in athymic nude mice. Our findings suggest that the cross talk of KLF4 and beta-catenin plays a critical role in homeostasis of the normal intestine as well as in tumorigenesis of colorectal cancers.Molecular and Cellular Biology 04/2006; 26(6):2055-64. · 5.53 Impact Factor
Article: Krüppel-like factor 4 (gut-enriched Krüppel-like factor) inhibits cell proliferation by blocking G1/S progression of the cell cycle.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is an epithelial cell-enriched, zinc finger-containing transcription factor, the expression of which is associated with growth arrest. Previous studies show that constitutive expression of KLF4 inhibits DNA synthesis but the manner by which KLF4 exerts this effect is unclear. In the present study, we developed a system in which expression of KLF4 is controlled by a promoter that is induced upon treatment of cells containing the receptors for the insect hormone, ecdysone, with ponasterone A, an ecdysone analogue. The rate of proliferation of a stably transfected colon cancer cell line, RKO, was significantly decreased following addition of ponasterone A when compared with untreated cells. Flow cytometric analyses indicated that the inducible expression of KLF4 caused a block in the G(1)/S phase of the cell cycle. A similar block was observed when ecdysone receptor-containing RKO cells were infected with a replication-defective recombinant adenovirus containing an inducible KLF4 and treated with ponasterone A. Results of these studies provide evidence that the inhibitory effect of KLF4 on cell proliferation is mainly exerted at the G(1)/S boundary of the cell cycle.Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2001; 276(32):30423-8. · 4.77 Impact Factor