A preliminary observation on water quality and plankton of an earthen fish pond in Bangladesh: recommendations for future studies.
ABSTRACT The present study provides a characterization of water quality and plankton samples in earthen fish pond in Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Sampling was done over a period of six months, running from October, 2004 through March, 2005. All the water quality parameters were within the optimal ranges for plankton productivity. Temperatures varied from 19.75 to 27.25 degrees C; transparency, 24.75-29.50 cm; pH, 6.62-7.85; Dissolved Oxygen (DO), 3.87-5.85 mg L(-1); free CO2 5.25-7.25 mg L(-1) and bicarbonate (HCO3) alkalinity, 81.25-147.5 mg L(-1). Analyses of plankton samples recorded a total of 5 classes phytoplankton viz.; Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Dinophyceae, Euglenophyceae and 2 classes of zooplankton; Crustacea and Rotifera. The phytoplankton population was comprised of 17 genera belonging to Cyanophyceae (5 classes, 34.47%), Bacillariophyceae (3, 13.87%), Cyanophyceae (3, 34.48%), Euglenophyceae (3, 10.68%) and 1 to Dinophyceae (6.50%). The zooplankton population consisted of 10 genera belonging to Rotifera (4, 40.13%) and Crustacea (6, 59.87%). Phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance varied from 60800 to 239400 units/l and 7620 to 12160 units/l, respectively. It is concluded that the phytoplankton groups provide the main support for earthen pond aquaculture in the pond compared to zooplankton classes. The information provides for more research to compare water quality and pond plankton characteristics in earthen aquaculture systems with and without fish stocking. Further studies on the seasonal changes of water quality parameters and its effects on plankton production in the fish ponds and all year extended monitoring is recommended in future studies.
- SourceAvailable from: Md. Mahfuzur Rahman Shah[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of iso-nutrients fertilization on fertilizer combinations, containing a similar amount of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) were the production of plankton in earthen ponds for a period of eight weeks. Two different were tested in triplicate using six earthen ponds of 100 m2 each. The fertilizer combinations of cow manure, urea and Triple Super Phosphate (TSP) at the rate 5000, 125 and 100 kg ha(-1), respectively, containing approximately 102 kg N and 65 kg P was used for treatment-1 (T-l). Another combination of poultry-manure, urea and TSP at the rate of 2000, 125 and 100 kg ha(-1), respectively, was considered as the treatment-2 (T-2). The application rate of poultry manure was adjusted to make the nutrient (N and P) content of fertilizer combination in T-2 similar to that in T-1. Four groups of phytoplankton namely, Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Cyanophyceae and Euglenophyceae and two groups of zooplankton namely, Crustacea and Rotifera were identified. The mean abundance of both phytoplankton (78.25 +/- 6.33 x 10(4) cells L(-1)) and zooplankton (57.63 +/- 4.59 x 10(4) cells L(-1)), were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in earthen ponds which treated with poultry manure. The result showed that despite iso-nutrients content, the nutrient status of poultry manure proved to be superior to cow manure.Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 04/2007; 10(8):1221-8.
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ABSTRACT: Changes of aroma constituents of palm olein and selected oils after frying French fries have been studied. The aroma constituents of used oils were collected using a solid-phase microextraction (SPME) headspace technique with an absorbent of a divinylbenzene/carboxen (DVB/CAR) (50/30 microm) on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fibre. The extracted volatiles were desorbed from the fibre in the injection port of the gas chromatograph at 250 degrees C and the aroma constituents were identified by GC-MS. Analytical data showed that volatile constituents of palm olein, soybean oil, corn oil and sunflower oil changed while frying continued from 2 to 40 h, respectively. In palm olein, the 2t,4t-decadienal content decreased from 14.7 to 5.5 microg g(-1) (40 h) whilst hexanal increased from 7.9 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 29.2 microg g(-1) (40 h), respectively. Similar result was also obtained from soybean oil after frying French fries. The 2t,4t-decadienal content decreased from 15.9 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 3.2 microg g(-1) after 40 h frying whilst hexanal increased from 10.2 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 34.2 microg g(-1) (40 h). Meanwhile, in corn oil, it was found that 2t,4t-decadienal decreased from 15.6 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 3.2 microg g(-1) (40 h) whilst hexanal increased from 11.3 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 33.8 microg g(-1) when frying time reached 40 h. In sunflower oil, it was found that 2t,4t-decadienal, decreased from 16.8 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 1.2 microg g(-1) (40 h) while hexanal increased from 9.5 microg g(-1) (2 h) to 32.4 microg g(-1) when frying time reached 40 h. It also showed that used oils exhibited off-odour characteristics due to the increasing amount ofhexanal while their freshness characteristics diminished due to the decreasing amount of 2t, 4t-decadienal.Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 05/2007; 10(7):1044-9.