Gibberellic acid (GA3) enhance seed water uptake, germination and early seedling growth in sugar beet under salt stress.
ABSTRACT The study was carried out to assess whether water uptake could be improved in sugar beet seeds and salt tolerance at the germination and early seedling stage by soaking the seeds for 10 h in distilled water (control), 100, 150 and 200 mg L(-1) GA3. Electrical Conductivity (EC) values of the NaCl solution were 0.0 (control), 4.7, 9.4 and 14.1 dS n(-1) NaCl. Priming increased the final germination percentage and the germination rate (1/t 50, where t 50 is the time to 50% of germination) under saline condition. Water uptake of primed seeds also increased significantly with increasing concentration of GA3 as compared to control. Priming also alleviated the adverse effect of salt stress on sugar beet in terms of roots and shoots lengths and fresh weights of plants, roots and shoots.
- SourceAvailable from: scirp.org[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The experiments were carried out at the Post Gradu-ate Research Center, to study the influence of Gib-berellic Acid (50 ppm) and Oxygenated Peptone (1% aqueous solution) on chick pea (Cicer arietinum L. cv. Vijay) during germination by giving pre-sowing soaking treatment for 6 hours using petriplate method. Both the treatments enhanced the germination proc-ess. GA treatment was useful to increase shoot length, mobilization efficiency, emergence index, speed of germination and co-efficient of germination while oxygenated peptone showed an upper hand in root length, shoot/root ratio, biomass and vigour index. GA led to comparatively more synthesis of nucleic acids while oxygenated peptone showed more in-crease in total carbohydrates and soluble protein content. However, the activity of enzymes like amy-lase, catalase and protease showed upper hand with oxygenated peptone as compared to GA. In fact GA is costlier and can not be used in organic farming as it enters metabolic pathways of plant and alters them. Hence the use of oxygenated peptone is recom-mended being less expensive and usable under or-ganic farming condition as it does not enter the plant metabolic pathways and yet brings about significant positive effect.Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology. 01/2011; 2.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Experiments were performed to examine the effect of salt stress and GA3-priming on initial growth of two rapeseed cultivars, one tolerant and one sensitive to salt stress during germination. Seedlings from seeds germinated in salty (as NaCl) and non salty substrate were grown in salty and non salty hydroponics. Salt stress reduced seedling growth of the two genotypes consistently with their degree of stress tolerance during germination. Seedlings from stress sensitive seeds germinated under high salinity showed a rapid recover of growth in non stressing conditions. The effect of salt stress on shoot/root ratio was controversial, increased for lab and decreased for greenhouse experiments, probably due to different timing of stress application and additional experimental conditions. Salt stress decreased leaf photosynthesis and increased thermal dissipation in sensitive seedlings (decrease of ΦPSII and qP, increase of NPQ). The GA3-priming did not affect seedling growth of the stress sensitive cultivar subjected to stress, while it greatly improved the performance of the stress tolerant cultivar.Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 10/2013; 35(4):479-486. · 0.37 Impact Factor