Unintentional drowning in northern Iran: A population-based study
Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Krolinska Institutet, Norrbacka, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden. Accident; analysis and prevention
(Impact Factor: 1.65).
12/2008; 40(6):1977-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2008.08.008
The Iranian Ministry of Health documented that about 1500 people died from drowning annually in Iran between years 2000 and 2001. This study is a descriptive, retrospective, population-based analysis of 342 unintentional drowning deaths occurring to residents and tourists in Guilan and Mazandran Provinces in Iran over a 1-year period (2005-2006), using multiple data sources. The findings from this study demonstrate that the drowning rate for residents of the study population, 4.24 per 100,000, is much higher than drowning rates for populations in developed economies in Europe. Risk factors for drowning in the study populations include male gender, young age, and swimming in unsupervised areas. Drownings occurred most frequently in rivers, followed by canals and lakes. While much more remains to be done to investigate the problems associated with drowning deaths and injuries in Iran, the information obtained from this study can help point the way to targeted interventions.
Available from: Danika Lynn Kleiber
- "In low-income settings, children, particularly young males, have been found to be more likely to be victims of unintentional drowning in a variety of cultural contexts. Most deaths occur relatively close to home and reflect risks within regular daily routines (e.g., Kiakalayeh et al. 2008). By contrast, disasters lower the life expectancy of women more than that of men—predominantly because of everyday lower socioeconomic status of women in many low-income cultural contexts (Neumayer and Plümper 2007). "
Society and Natural Resources 08/2015; DOI:10.1080/08941920.2015.1046097 · 1.09 Impact Factor
Available from: Ali Davoudi kiakalayeh
- "Drowning data could be obtained from three sources in Iran including: the Death Registry System (DRS) and Forensic Medicine System (FMS), both of which were based on death certificate data, and a weekly report (WR) obtaining case reports from ambulance excursions, thus allowing for case reports not usually registered in hospitals (6). All three datasets were used in the study. "
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Drowning is a serious but neglected health problem in low-and middle-income countries.
To describe the effectiveness of drowning prevention program on the reduction of drowning mortality rates in rural settings at the north of Iran, and guide its replication elsewhere.
This interventional design included pre- and post-intervention observations in the rural area of the Caspian Sea coastline without a comparison community. Cross-sectional data were collected at pre- and post-intervention phases. Outcome evaluation was based on a four-year period (March 2005-March 2009) utilizing drowning registry data for the north of Iran.
The implementation program increased the rate of membership in an organization responsible for promoting safety in high risk areas near the Caspian Sea. Compared to a WHO standardized population, drowning incidence in rural areas of the study demonstrated a continuous decrease in age-specific drowning rate among the oldest victims with a gradual decline during the implementation. In the study area, the epidemiological aspects of the study population were exposed and contributing factors were highlighted.
This study showed that the promotion of passive interventions had a greater effect on drowning rate than that of active interventions.
10/2012; 1(3):112-7. DOI:10.5812/atr.7690
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study highlights the socio-demographics and death circumstances of victims of fatal road traffic injuries (RTIs) in one Iranian province. A representative sample of cases was selected from a national register and interviews were conducted with the victims' family members. The study shows that there is a strong association between victim attributes (e.g. sex, age, occupation, education or marital status) and category of road-user. Although men are over-represented in all categories, women die above all as car passengers or pedestrians. Deaths of vulnerable road-users are more frequent among the younger and older age groups. Two-thirds of all deaths occurred before arrival at the hospital and 11% of the victims received ambulance transport. The patterns of fatal RTIs observed in the province differ somewhat from the rest of Iran and other low- and middle-income countries. Not only pre- but also post-crash counter-measures could help save lives in the region.
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 09/2009; 16(3):119-26. DOI:10.1080/17457300903023980 · 0.67 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.