Postoperative spindle cell nodule of the breast: Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferation following endo-surgery
ABSTRACT Despite the frequent use of fine-needle aspiration, core biopsy and surgery, postoperative spindle cell nodule (PSCN) is a rare pathological complication that may be diagnostically treacherous. Presented herein is the case of a 52-year-old woman who developed a 7 mm mammary nodular lesion 66 days after removal of an area of columnar cell hyperplasia involving cellular and architectural atypia, performed with the Mammotome Breast Biopsy System. The lesion was highly cellular and composed of intersecting fascicles of plump spindle cells with blunt-ended elongated nuclei and nucleoli easily visible. Interspersed mononuclear cells and hemosiderin-laden macrophages were evident. PSCN is a reactive, benign myofibroblastic proliferation. Differential diagnosis includes benign and malignant spindle cell lesions of the breast. Recognition of this reactive lesion will avoid overdiagnosis of spindle cell malignant tumor. Attention to clinicopathological and histological features should result in accurate recognition of this lesion.
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ABSTRACT: Compared to epithelial lesions, spindle-cell lesions of the breast are relatively uncommon and, because of that, may cause diagnostic difficulty. The majority of these spindle cell lesions, such as fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, spindle-cell carcinoma, inflammatory myofibroblatic tumor and angiosarcoma, resemble their more common non-mammary counterparts. A few others, such as pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia for example, specifically arise in breast. This review discusses these mammary spindle cell lesions with a focus on their salient histological features.The Open Breast Cancer Journal 05/2014; 4(1). DOI:10.2174/1876817201002011095
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ABSTRACT: : Low-molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are the standard agents used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Despite their widespread use, reports on adverse effects from LMWHs are uncommon. The present report describes a 23-year-old woman with a 3.8-cm solitary, fibrofatty, poorly demarcated nodule involving the subcutaneous tissue of the infraumbilical abdominal wall that appeared 4 years after iterative local administration of LMWH. Microscopically, the nodule showed atypical cells, with bizarre nuclei in the septa of cellular fibrous tissue dissecting the adipose lobules, in the absence of any other malignant changes. To the best of our knowledge, this kind of LMWH-related lesion has not been previously reported. The lesion may result from the combination of an idiosyncratic reaction to the LMWH with local trauma being a probable promoting factor. Alternatively, this reactive proliferation may be entirely due to the trauma represented by repeated injections. This rare process could easily be confused with liposarcoma. As the clinical history of injections is often not provided in the requisition form, pathologists should be aware of this adverse effect from LMWH to avoid misdiagnosis and excessive treatment.The American Journal of dermatopathology 09/2013; 36(5). DOI:10.1097/DAD.0b013e31829ff8f5 · 1.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To review our experience and the literature on inconclusive/erroneous fine-needle aspirates (FNAs) of breast with the focus on the 'true gray zone'. To describe the cytology, differential diagnosis, pitfalls and limitations of common and rare lesions. Study Design: We conducted a literature search focusing on breast FNAs with statistical data of C3 and C4 categories including false-positive and false-negative cases. Similar data from 2003 to 2009 was obtained from our institution. Results: C3 and C4 categories account for 3-17% of breast FNAs. Contributing factors are technical difficulties, inexperienced pathologists interpreting FNAs of breast and overlap of cytologic features of certain benign and malignant conditions; this last, 'true gray zone' accounts for 2% of cases. Fibroadenoma, proliferative breast lesions, gynecomastia, infiltrating and in situ low-grade adenocarcinomas and tubular, cribriform, lobular and mucinous carcinomas are the most common problematic lesions. Granular cell tumor, adenomyoepithelioma, pregnancy-related lesions, fat necrosis, inflammatory and radiation changes, adenoid cystic carcinoma, spindle-cell lesions and Phyllodes tumor are less common. Conclusion: Inconclusive/erroneous FNAs of breast due to the 'true gray zone' are rare. Most are due to the overlapping cytologic features of some benign and malignant conditions. Practical features that may help arrive at the correct diagnoses are elucidated.Acta cytologica 07/2013; 57(4):316-331. DOI:10.1159/000351159 · 1.56 Impact Factor