Carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) with neuroendocrine differentiation
ABSTRACT Carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) is a rare malignant neoplasm that histologically resembles thymic carcinoma and arises in the thyroid gland or adjacent soft tissue of the neck. Herein is reported the case of a 62-year-old male patient with CASTLE exhibiting neuroendocrine differentiation, who was treated with total pharyngolaryngo-esophagectomy and total thyroidectomy. Gross examination of the surgical specimen showed a grayish-white, solid, lobulated tumor, mainly located between the trachea and esophagus, and involving the lower part of the left thyroid lobe. Histologically, the tumor consisted of epithelial cell nests separated by thick fibrous septa. The tumor cells were polygonal in shape, and contained pale cytoplasm and a vesicular nucleus with prominent nucleoli. There were few mitotic figures. Rosette-like arrangements that suggested neuroendocrine differentiation were observed in part of the tumor. The tumor cells were positive for CD5 and neuroendocrine markers including synaptophysin and chromogranin A.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Thyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) is a kind of rare neoplasm of the thyroid gland. Because thyroid CASTLE is rare and difficult to diagnose, its clinicopathologic features have not been well defined, and no universally accepted treatment recommendation is available. We analyzed retrospectively the clinicopathologic data of 8 patients with thyroid CASTLE who underwent surgery and radiotherapy at the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between December 2008 and June 2012. All patients accepted radical surgery. All patients accepted postoperative radiotherapy, except one 79-year-old patient. There was no evidence of recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up period. The pattern of immunohistochemical staining was similar to that of thymic carcinoma. Six of 8 CASTLE cases expressed CD5. All 8 CASTLE patients were negatively expressed in thyroglobulin, thyroid transcription factor 1, and calcitonin. Patients with thyroid CASTLE have good outcomes after radical resection and postoperative radiotherapy. Positive CD5 immunoreactivity can contribute to diagnosis of this disease.International surgery 05/2013; 98(2):95-100. DOI:10.9738/INTSURG-D-12-00034.1 · 0.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A diagnosis of sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is complicated. On first diagnosis it may present with distant metastasis. There has been inconsistency regarding metastatic MTC tissue expression of calcitonin, its tumor marker. Adding to the difficulty is the fact that the radiographic pattern of pulmonary metastasis from MTC may vary substantially among patients. Herein is reported the case of a 73-year-old man who presented with two ill-defined pulmonary opacities, clinically resembling primary lung carcinoma. MTC was diagnosed on histopathology of tissue obtained from a total thyroidectomy. The pulmonary biopsy specimens were confirmed to be MTC metastasis on positive immunohistochemical staining of chromogranin-A and synaptophysin, even though only a few cells were stained for calcitonin. To the authors' knowledge this is the first reported case of MTC presenting initially as complex pulmonary metastasis with weakened expression of calcitonin in the metastatic lesion.Pathology International 10/2009; 59(9):660-3. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1827.2009.02423.x · 1.59 Impact Factor
Chapter: Unusual Thyroid Tumors[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There are a number of tumors of the thyroid gland that do not fit into the conventional categories of follicular and C-cell derived lesions. These tumors tend to be very rare, and the literature regarding molecular alterations in these lesions is sparse. However, as the pathologist may encounter these tumors rarely in practice, they will be reviewed in this chapter.12/2009: pages 123-126;